Parachernes (Parachernes) virginicus (Banks, 1895)


Original combination: Chelanops virginica

Subgenus Parachernes


Taxonomic references

Chelanops virginica

Banks, 1895a: 6 original description
Coolidge, 1908: 111

Chelanops pallidus Banks:

Ewing, 1911: 76, 78, fig. 11 (misidentification)

Dinocheirus virginicus (Banks):

Beier, 1932e: 139
Roewer, 1937: 302

Parachernes (Argentochernes) virginica (Banks):

Hoff, 1947b: 486–489, fig. 6 (as Parachernes (Argentochernes) virginica [sic])

Parachernes virginicus (Banks):

Hoff, 1958: 30 (as Parachernes virginica [sic])
Muchmore and Alteri, 1974: 486–490 (as Parachernes virginica [sic])
Zeh, 1987b: 1085 (as Parachernes virginica [sic])
Snider and Nelson, 1991: 261 (as Parachernes virginica [sic])
Cooney and Kalisch, 2012: 198

Parachernes (Parachernes) virginicus (Banks):

Harvey, 1991a: 620–621

Parachernes squarrosus Hoff, 1949 -- synonymised by Muchmore and Alteri, 1974: 486
Parachernes squarrosus
Hoff, 1949b: 456–460, figs 32a–e original description
Hoff and Bolsterli, 1956: 169
Hoff, 1958: 30
Muchmore, 1971a: 89
Nelson, 1975: 285, figs 46–47
Turienzo, Iorio and Mahnert, 2010: 560, 586 (synonymised by Muchmore and Alteri, 1974: 486)
Distribution table

Realm: Nearctic

US (Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Maryland, Michigan, Missouri, Nebraska, New York, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia)
Type locality: Fredericksburg (as Fredricksburg), Fredericksburg County, Virginia, U.S.A.


Locality Lat Lon
1 Fredericksburg 38.3 -77.466666
Type repository
Zoobank LSID


Banks, N. (1895a). Notes on the Pseudoscorpionida. Journal of the New York Entomological Society 3: 1–13. -- Show included taxa

Beier, M. (1932e). Pseudoscorpionidea II. Subord. C. Cheliferinea. Tierreich 58: i–xxi, 1–294. -- Show included taxa

Coolidge, K.R. (1908). A list of the North American Pseudoscorpionida. Psyche, Cambridge 15: 108–114. -- Show included taxa

Ewing, H.E. (1911). Notes on pseudoscorpions; a study on the variations of our common species, Chelifer cancroides Linn., with systematic notes on other species. Journal of the New York Entomological Society 19: 65–81. -- Show included taxa

Harvey, M.S. (1991a). Catalogue of the Pseudoscorpionida. Manchester University Press, Manchester. -- Show included taxa

Hoff, C.C. (1947b). The species of the pseudoscorpion genus Chelanops described by Banks. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology 98: 471–550. -- Show included taxa

Hoff, C.C. (1949b). The pseudoscorpions of Illinois. Bulletin of the Illinois Natural History Survey 24: 407–498. -- Show included taxa

Hoff, C.C. (1958). List of the pseudoscorpions of North America north of Mexico. American Museum Novitates 1875: 1–50. -- Show included taxa

Hoff, C.C. & Bolsterli, J.E. (1956). Pseudoscorpions of the Mississippi River drainage basin area. Transactions of the American Microscopical Society 75: 155–179. -- Show included taxa

Muchmore, W.B. (1971a). Phoresy by North and Central American pseudoscorpions. Proceedings of the Rochester Academy of Science 12: 79–97. -- Show included taxa

Muchmore, W.B. & Alteri, C.H. (1974). The genus Parachernes (Pseudoscorpionida, Chernetidae) in the United States, with descriptions of new species. Transactions of the American Entomological Society 99: 477–506. -- Show included taxa

Nelson, S.O., Jr (1975). A systematic study of Michigan Pseudoscorpionida (Arachnida). American Midland Naturalist 93: 257–301. -- Show included taxa

Roewer, C.F. (1937). Chelonethi oder Pseudoskorpione. In: Bronns, H.G. (ed.) Bronn's Klassen und Ordnungen des Tierreichs Akademische Verlagsgesellschaft M.B.H., Leipzig 5(IV)(6)(1): 161–320. -- Show included taxa

Snider, R.J. & Nelson, S.O., Jr (1991). Michigan Pseudoscorpionida, a checklist. Michigan Academician 24: 259–263. -- Show included taxa

Turienzo, P., Iorio, O. di & Mahnert, V. (2010). Global checklist of pseudoscorpions (Arachnida) found in birds’ nests. Revue Suisse de Zoologie 117: 557–598. -- Show included taxa

Zeh, D.W. (1987b). Aggression, density, and sexual dimorphism in chernetid pseudoscorpions (Arachnida: Pseudoscorpionida). Evolution 41: 1072–1087. -- Show included taxa

Cooney, P.O. & Kalisch, J.A. (2012). New distributional records of Great Plains pseudoscorpions (Arachnida: Pseudoscorpiones). Great Plains Research 22: 195-201. -- Show included taxa

Date Type Reference Old value
2022-04-07 New taxonomic reference entry Cooney and Kalisch, 2012
2022-02-27 Species updated Old value