Pseudoscorpiones de Geer, 1778

ORDER |   ACCEPTED

Original name: Pseudoscorpiones
LSID urn:lsid:wac.nmbe.ch:name:c63203e8-ea63-4518-9d7f-05c2f1994523

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Taxonomic references
Faux-scorpions
de Geer, 1778: 349–353 original description
Latreille, 1817: 107
Pseudoscorpiones de Geer
Dugès and Edwards, 1836: 81–82
Gerstaecker, 1863: 330–331
McIntire, 1868: 8 (as Pseudo-scorpiones)
Tömösváry, 1883: 181
Daday, 1889a: 112–113
Balzan, 1892: 509
Gaubert, 1892a: 84–85 (as Pseudoscorpions)
Lankester, 1904: 255
Kew, 1911a: 38–39
Comstock, 1913: 39–44 (as Pseudoscorpionida)
Daiber, 1913: 270
Navás, 1918: 85–86
Jeannel, 1926: 151–152
Kästner, 1927b: 1–67
Pratt, 1927: 409 (as Pseudoscorpionida)
Kästner, 1928: 1–3
Schenkel, 1928: 52–54 (as Pseudoscorpionida)
Berland, 1929: 13–14 (as Pseudoscorpions)
Beier, 1932a: 1–22 (as Pseudoscorpionidea)
Beier, 1932g: 118 (as Pseudoscorpionidea)
Ross, 1944: 48 (as Pseudoscorpionida)
Hoff, 1949b: 413–427 (as Pseudoscorpionida)
Petrunkevitch, 1949: 156–157
Vachon, 1949: 437 (as Pseudoscorpions)
Waterlot, 1953: 565 (as Pseudoscorpion)
Evans and Browning, 1954: 1
Petrunkevitch, 1955a: 79–80 (as Pseudoscorpionida)
Kästner, 1956: 588
Dubinin, 1962: 439–441 (as Pseudoscorpionodea)
Beier, 1963b: 1–15 (as Pseudoscorpionidea)
Savory, 1964a: 97
Vandel, 1965: 85 (as Pseudoscorpionidea)
Kaestner, 1968: 207
Levi and Levi, 1968: 120
Szalay, 1968: 27–31 (as Pseudoscorpionidea)
Kaestner, 1969: 715
Nelson, 1975: 258–262 (as Pseudoscorpionida)
Roth and Brown, 1976: 126–127
Savory, 1977: 222
Weygoldt and Paulus, 1979b: 189
Milne and Milne, 1980: 917 (as Pseudoscorpionida)
Roth and Brown, 1980: 348
Muchmore, 1982a: 96 (as Pseudoscorpionida)
Schuster, 1986a: 269–270
Eisenbeis and Wichard, 1987: 48
Tikader, 1987: 43–47 (as Pseudoscorpionida)
Schaefer, 1988: 99 (as Pseudoscorpionida)
Woolley, 1988: 26–27
Hammen, 1989: 67, 257–265 (as Pseudoscorpionida)
Harvey and Yen, 1989: 84 (as Pseudoscorpionida)
Muchmore, 1990a: 503–508 (as Pseudoscorpionida)
Harvey, 1991a: 129–130 (as Pseudoscorpionida)
Harvey, 1992c: 1374 (as Pseudoscorpionida)
Hogue, 1993: 139–140 (as Pseudoscorpionida)
Romero-Ortiz, 2015: 90–91
Chernetes
Simon, 1879a: 1–18
Haase, 1890b: 649
Pickard-Cambridge, 1892: 201–207 (as Chernetidea)
Lameere, 1895: 473
Becker, 1896: 325–326
Planet, 1905: 277–280
Warburton, 1909: 430–438 (as Chernetidea)
Chelonethi
Thorell, 1883: 36
With, 1906: 51–56
Chamberlin, 1929a: 56 (as Chelonethida)
Hansen, 1930: 301–306
Chamberlin, 1931a: 206–208 (as Chelonethida)
Chamberlin, 1935b: 477–479 (as Chelonethida)
Savory, 1935: 115
Roewer, 1936: 1–4
Hoff, 1959a: 7 (as Chelonethida)
Main, 1954: 40 (as Chelonethida)
Main and Edward, 1968: 49 (as Chelonethida)
Grasshoff, 1978: 282 (as Cheloneti)
Webb, Wallwork and Elgood, 1978: 115
SUBORDERS:Haplochelonethi
Thorell, 1883: 36
Diplochelonethi
Thorell, 1883: 36
Heterosphyronida
Chamberlin, 1929a: 57
Chamberlin, 1931a: 208–209
Chamberlin, 1935b: 479
Hoff, 1949b: 429
Hoff, 1956a: 1–2
Hoff, 1959a: 7
Kaestner, 1968: 217
Murthy and Ananthakrishnan, 1977: 9
Homosphyronida
Chamberlin, 1929a: 78
Chamberlin, 1931a: 213 (Group)
Diplosphyronida
Chamberlin, 1929a: 78
Chamberlin, 1930: 6
Chamberlin, 1931a: 213–214
Chamberlin, 1935b: 479
Hoff, 1949b: 443
Hoff, 1956b: 2
Hoff, 1964a: 6
Kaestner, 1968: 218
Murthy and Ananthakrishnan, 1977: 23
Monosphyronida
Chamberlin, 1929a: 78
Chamberlin, 1931a: 228
Chamberlin, 1935b: 480
Hoff, 1949b: 449
Hoff, 1956c: 2
Kaestner, 1968: 218
Murthy and Ananthakrishnan, 1977: 114
Schizonota
Kishida, 1929b: 124
Holonota
Kishida, 1929b: 124
Chthoniinea
Beier, 1932a: 22–23
Beier, 1932g: 181
Roewer, 1937: 232
Petrunkevitch, 1955a: 80 (as Chthoniina)
Morikawa, 1960: 92
Dubinin, 1962: 441
Legg and Jones, 1988: 55
Neobisiinea
Beier, 1931c: 299
Beier, 1932a: 74–75
Beier, 1932g: 182
Roewer, 1937: 242
Petrunkevitch, 1955a: 81 (as Neobisiina)
Morikawa, 1960: 111
Dubinin, 1962: 441
Legg and Jones, 1988: 74
Cheliferinea
Beier, 1932e: 1–2
Beier, 1932g: 185
Roewer, 1937: 272–273
Petrunkevitch, 1955a: 82 (as Cheliferina)
Morikawa, 1960: 133
Dubinin, 1962: 441
Legg and Jones, 1988: 90
References

Balzan, L. (1892). Voyage de M. E. Simon au Venezuela (Décembre 1887 - Avril 1888). Arachnides. Chernetes (Pseudoscorpiones). Annales de la Société Entomologique de France 60: 513–552. -- Show included taxa

Becker, L. (1896). Les Arachnides de Belgique. Annales de la Musée Royal d'Histoire Naturelle de Belgique 12: 1–378. -- Show included taxa

Beier, M. (1931c). Neue Pseudoscorpione der U. O. Neobisiinea. Mitteilung aus dem Zoologischen Museum in Berlin 17: 299–318. -- Show included taxa

Beier, M. (1932a). Pseudoscorpionidea I. Subord. Chthoniinea et Neobisiinea. Tierreich 57: i–xx, 1–258. -- Show included taxa

Beier, M. (1932e). Pseudoscorpionidea II. Subord. C. Cheliferinea. Tierreich 58: i–xxi, 1–294. -- Show included taxa

Beier, M. (1932g). Pseudoscorpionidea - Afterskorpione. In: Kükenthal, W. and Krumbach, T. (ed.) Handbuch der Zoologie Walter de Gruyter & Co., Berlin und Leipzig 3 (2) (5): 117–192. -- Show included taxa

Beier, M. (1963b). Ordnung Pseudoscorpionidea (Afterskorpione). In: Bestimmungsbücher zur Bodenfauna Europas Akademie-Verlag, Berlin 1: vi, 313 pp.. -- Show included taxa

Berland, L. (1929). Arachnides et Crustacès. In: Perrier, R. (ed.) Faune de la France en tableaux synoptiques Librairie Delagrave, Paris 2: 1–220. -- Show included taxa

Chamberlin, J.C. (1929a). A synoptic classification of the false scorpions or chela-spinners, with a report on a cosmopolitan collection of the same. Part 1. The Heterosphyronida (Chthoniidae) (Arachnida-Chelonethida). Annals and Magazine of Natural History (10) 4: 50–80. -- Show included taxa

Chamberlin, J.C. (1930). A synoptic classification of the false scorpions or chela-spinners, with a report on a cosmopolitan collection of the same. Part II. The Diplosphyronida (Arachnida-Chelonethida). Annals and Magazine of Natural History (10) 5: 1–48, 585–620. -- Show included taxa

Chamberlin, J.C. (1931a). The arachnid order Chelonethida. Stanford University Publications, Biological Sciences 7(1): 1–284. -- Show included taxa

Chamberlin, J.C. (1935b). Chelonethida. In: Pratt, H.S. (ed.) A manual of the common invertebrate animals (exclusive of insects) Blakiston Company, Philadelphia and Toronto: 477–481. -- Show included taxa

Comstock, J.H. (1913). The spider book. Doubleday, Page and Co., New York. -- Show included taxa

Daday, E. (1889a). A Magyar Nemzeti Muzeum álskorpióinak áttekintése. Természetrajzi Füzetek 11: 111–136, 165–192. -- Show included taxa

Daiber, M. (1913). Arachnoidea sive Chelicerota. In: Lang, A. (ed.) Handbuch der Morphologie der Wirbellosen Tiere Gustav Fischer, Jena 4: 269–350. -- Show included taxa

de Geer, C. (1778). Mémoires pour servir à l'histoire des insectes. Pierre Hesselberg, Stockholm 7. -- Show included taxa

Dubinin, V.B. (1962). [Chelicerophora]. In: Rodendorf, B.B. (ed.) [Fundamentals of paleontology] Academy of Sciences of the USSR, Moscow: 375–530. -- Show included taxa

Dugès, A. & Edwards, M. (1836). Arachnides. In: Cuvier, G. (ed.) Le règne animal distribue d'après son organisation Fortin, Masson, Paris 15–16. [3rd edition] -- Show included taxa

Eisenbeis, G. & Wichard, W. (1987). Atlas on the biology of soil arthropods. Springer-Verlag, Berlin. -- Show included taxa

Evans, G.O. & Browning, E. (1954). Synopses of the British Fauna. No. 10. Pseudoscorpiones. Linnean Society, London. -- Show included taxa

Gaubert, P. (1892a). Recherches sur les organes des sens et sur les systèmes tégumentaire, glandulaire et musculaire des appendices des Arachnides. Annales des Sciences Naturelles, Zoologie (7) 13: 31–185. -- Show included taxa

Gerstaecker, C.E.A. (1863). Arthropoden. In: Peters, W.C.H., Carus, J.V. and Gerstaecker, C.E.A. (ed.) Handbuch der Zoologie Engelmann, Leipzig 2. -- Show included taxa

Grasshoff, M. (1978). A model of the evolution of the main Chelicerate groups. In: Merrett, P. (ed.) Arachnology: Seventh International Congress. Symposia of the Zoological Society of London Academic Press, London 42: 273–284. -- Show included taxa

Haase, E. (1890b). Beiträge zur Kenntniss der fossilen Arachniden. Zeitschrift der Deutschen Geologischen Gesellschaft 42: 629–657. -- Show included taxa

Hammen, L. van der (1989). An introduction to comparative arachnology. SPB Academic Publishing, The Hague. -- Show included taxa

Hansen, H.J. (1930). On the comparative morphology of the appendages in the Arthropoda. B. Crustacea (supplement), Insecta, Myriopoda, and Arachnida. In: Studies on Arthropoda Gyldendalske Boghandel, Kjøbenhavn 3: 1–376. -- Show included taxa

Harvey, M.S. (1991a). Catalogue of the Pseudoscorpionida. Manchester University Press, Manchester. -- Show included taxa

Harvey, M.S. (1992c). The phylogeny and classification of the Pseudoscorpionida (Chelicerata: Arachnida). Invertebrate Taxonomy 6: 1373–1435. -- Show included taxa

Harvey, M.S. & Yen, A.L. (1989). Worms to wasps: an illustrated guide to Australia's terrestrial invertebrates. Oxford University Press, Melbourne. -- Show included taxa

Hoff, C.C. (1949b). The pseudoscorpions of Illinois. Bulletin of the Illinois Natural History Survey 24: 407–498. -- Show included taxa

Hoff, C.C. (1956a). The heterosphyronid pseudoscorpions of New Mexico. American Museum Novitates 1772: 1–13. -- Show included taxa

Hoff, C.C. (1956b). Diplosphyronid pseudoscorpions from New Mexico. American Museum Novitates 1780: 1–49. -- Show included taxa

Hoff, C.C. (1956c). Pseudoscorpions of the family Chernetidae from New Mexico. American Museum Novitates 1800: 1–66. -- Show included taxa

Hoff, C.C. (1959a). The pseudoscorpions of Jamaica. Part 1. The genus Tyrannochthonius. Bulletin of the Institute of Jamaica, Science Series 10(1): 1–39. -- Show included taxa

Hoff, C.C. (1964a). The pseudoscorpions of Jamaica. Part 3. The suborder Diplosphyronida. Bulletin of the Institute of Jamaica, Science Series 10(3): 1–47. -- Show included taxa

Hogue, C.L. (1993). Latin American insects and entomology. University of California Press, Berkeley. -- Show included taxa

Jeannel, R. (1926). Faune cavernicole de la France avec une étude des conditions d'existence dans le domaine souterrain. In: Encyclopédique entomologique P. Lechevalier, Paris 7: 1–335. -- Show included taxa

Kaestner, A. (1968). Arthropod relatives, Chelicerata, Myriapoda. In: Invertebrate zoology John Wiley & Sons, New York 2. -- Show included taxa

Kaestner, A. (1969). Wirbellose. In: Lehrbuch der Speziellen Zoologie Gustav Fischer, Stuttgart 1. [3rd edition] -- Show included taxa

Kästner, A. (1927b). Pseudoscorpiones. In: Schulze, P. (ed.) Biologie der Tiere Deutschlands Gebrüder Borntraeger, Berlin 18: 1–68. -- Show included taxa

Kästner, A. (1928). 2. Ordnung: Moos- oder Afterskorpione, Pseudoscorpiónes Latr. (Chernétes Simon; Chelonéti Thorell; Chernetídea Camb.). In: Brohmer, P, Ehrmann, P. and Ulmer, G. (ed.) Die Tierwelt Mitteleuropas Quelle und Meyer, Leipzig 3 (1, IV): 1–13. -- Show included taxa

Kästner, A. (1956). Wirbellose. In: Lehrbuch der Speziellen Zoologie Gustav Fischer, Jena 1(3): 485–658. -- Show included taxa

Kew, H.W. (1911a). A synopsis of the false scorpions of Britain and Ireland. Proceedings of the Royal Irish Academy, section B 29: 38–64. -- Show included taxa

Kishida, K. (1929b). [On the criteria to classify chelifers]. Lansania 1(8): 124. -- Show included taxa

Lameere, A. (1895). Manuel de la faune de Belgique. Lamertin, Bruxelles 1. -- Show included taxa

Lankester, E.R. (1904). The structure and classification of the Arachnida. Quarterly Journal of Microscopical Science (new series) 48: 165–269. -- Show included taxa

Latreille, P.A. (1817). Pedipalpes, Pedipalpi, Latr. In: Nouveau dictionnaire d'histoire naturelle, appliquée aux arts, a l'agriculture, a l'économie rurale et domestique, à la médecine, etc. Deterville, Paris 25: 112–113. [nouvelle édition] -- Show included taxa

Legg, G. & Jones, R.E. (1988). Synopses of the British fauna (new series). 40. Pseudoscorpions (Arthropoda; Arachnida). Brill/Backhuys, Leiden. -- Show included taxa

Levi, H.W. & Levi, L.R. (1968). Spiders and their kin. Golden Press, New York. -- Show included taxa

Main, A.R. (1954). A guide for naturalists. Western Australian Naturalists' Club, Perth. -- Show included taxa

Main, A.R. & Edward, D.H. (1968). A guide for naturalists. Western Australian Naturalists' Club, Perth. [2nd edition] -- Show included taxa

McIntire, S.J. (1868). On pseudo-scorpiones. Journal of the Quekett Microscopical Club 1: 8–14. -- Show included taxa

Milne, L. & Milne, M. (1980). The Audubon Society field guide to North American insects and spiders. A.A. Knopf, New York. -- Show included taxa

Morikawa, K. (1960). Systematic studies of Japanese pseudoscorpions. Memoirs of Ehime University (2B) 4: 85–172. -- Show included taxa

Muchmore, W.B. (1982a). Pseudoscorpionida. In: Parker, S.P. (ed.) Synopsis and classification of living organisms McGraw-Hill, New York 2: 96–102. -- Show included taxa

Muchmore, W.B. (1990a). Pseudoscorpionida. In: Dindal, D.L. (ed.) Soil biology guide John Wiley and Sons, New York: 503–527. -- Show included taxa

Murthy, V.A. & Ananthakrishnan, T.N. (1977). Indian Chelonethi. Oriental Insects Monograph 4: 1–210. -- Show included taxa

Navás, L. (1918). Algunos Quernetos (Arácnidos) de la provincia de Zaragoza. Boletín de la Sociedad Entomológica de España 1: 83–90, 106–119, 131–136. -- Show included taxa

Nelson, S.O., Jr (1975). A systematic study of Michigan Pseudoscorpionida (Arachnida). American Midland Naturalist 93: 257–301. -- Show included taxa

Petrunkevitch, A. (1949). A study of Palaeozoic Arachnida. Transactions of the Connecticut Academy of Arts and Sciences 37: 69–315. -- Show included taxa

Petrunkevitch, A. (1955a). Arachnida. In: Moore, R.C. (ed.) Treatise on invertebrate paleontology. P, Arthropoda University of Kansas Press, Lawrence 2: 42–162. -- Show included taxa

Pickard-Cambridge, O. (1892). On the British species of false-scorpions. Proceedings of the Dorset Natural History and Antiquarian Field Club and Archaeological Society 13: 199–231. -- Show included taxa

Planet, L. (1905). Araignées (Araignées, Chernètes, Scorpions, Opilions). In: Histoire naturelle de la France Deyrolle, Paris 14. -- Show included taxa

Pratt, H.S. (1927). A manual of the common invertebrate animals exclusive of insects. A.C. McClurg and Co., Chicago. -- Show included taxa

Roewer, C.F. (1936). Chelonethi oder Pseudoskorpione. In: Bronns, H.G. (ed.) Bronn's Klassen und Ordnungen des Tierreichs Akademische Verlagsgesellschaft M.B.H., Leipzig 5(IV)(6)(1): 1–160. -- Show included taxa

Roewer, C.F. (1937). Chelonethi oder Pseudoskorpione. In: Bronns, H.G. (ed.) Bronn's Klassen und Ordnungen des Tierreichs Akademische Verlagsgesellschaft M.B.H., Leipzig 5(IV)(6)(1): 161–320. -- Show included taxa

Romero-Ortiz, C. (2015). Orden Pseudoscorpiones (Chelonethi). In: Flórez, D., E., Romero-Ortiz, C. and López, D.S. (ed.) Los artrópodos de la Reserva Natural Río Ñambí Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotó. -- Show included taxa

Ross, H.H. (1944). How to collect and preserve insects. Illinois Natural History Survey, Divisional Circular 39: 1–55. -- Show included taxa

Roth, V. & Brown, W. (1980). Arthropoda: Arachnida (mites, spiders, and scorpions). In: Brusca, R.C. (ed.) Common intertidal invertebrates of the Gulf of California University of Arizona Press, Tucson: 347–355. -- Show included taxa

Roth, V.D. & Brown, W.L. (1976). Other intertidal air-breathing arthropods. In: Cheng, L. (ed.) Marine insects North-Holland Publishing Co., Amsterdam and Oxford: 119–150. -- Show included taxa

Savory, T.H. (1935). The Arachnida. Edward Arnold and Co., London. -- Show included taxa

Savory, T.H. (1964a). Arachnida. Academic Press, London. -- Show included taxa

Savory, T.H. (1977). Arachnida. Academic Press, London. [2nd edition] -- Show included taxa

Schaefer, M. (1988). 1. Chelicerata, Spinnentiere. In: Brohmer, P. (ed.) Fauna von Deutschland Quelle und Meyer, Heidelberg: 99–135. [17th edition] -- Show included taxa

Schenkel, E. (1928). Pseudoscorpionida (Afterskorpione). In: Dahl, F. (ed.) Die Tierwelt Deutschlands G. Fischer, Jena 8: 52–72. -- Show included taxa

Schuster, R. (1986a). Order Pseudoscorpiones. In: Sterrer, W. (ed.) Marine fauna and flora of Bermuda John Wiley and Sons, New York and Chichester: 269–270. -- Show included taxa

Simon, E. (1879a). Les Ordres des Chernetes, Scorpiones et Opiliones. In: Les Arachnides de France Librairie Encyclopédique de Roret, Paris 7: 1–332. -- Show included taxa

Szalay, L. (1968). Pókszabásúak I. Arachnoidea I. In: Magyarország Allatvilága (Faunae Hungariae) Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest 18(1): 1–122. -- Show included taxa

Thorell, T. (1883). Descrizione di alcuni Aracnidi inferiori dell'Arcipelago Malese. Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Genova 18: 21–69. -- Show included taxa

Tikader, B.K. (1987). Handbook Indian spiders - a manual for the study of the spiders and their relatives - the scorpions, pseudoscorpions, whip scorpions, harvestmen and all members of the class Arachnida found in India with analytical keys for their classification and biology. Zoological Survey of India, Calcutta. -- Show included taxa

Tömösváry, Ö. (1883). Pseudoscorpiones faunae Hungaricae. A Magyar fauna álskorpiói. Magyar Tudományos Akadémia Matematikai és Természettudományi Közlemények 18: 135–256. -- Show included taxa

Vachon, M. (1949). Ordre des Pseudoscorpions. In: Grassé, P.-P. (ed.) Traité de zoologie Masson, Paris 6: 437–481. -- Show included taxa

Vandel, A. (1965). Biospeleology: the biology of cavernicolous animals. Pergamon Press, Edinburgh. [authorized translation] -- Show included taxa

Warburton, C. (1909). Arachnida Embolobranchiata (scorpions, spiders, mites, etc.). In: Harmer, S.F. and Shipley, A.E. (ed.) The Cambridge natural history MacMillan and Co., London 4: 297–474. -- Show included taxa

Waterlot, G. (1953). Classe des Arachnides (Arachnida Cuvier 1812). In: Piveteau, J. (ed.) Traité de paléontologie Masson, Paris 3: 555–584. -- Show included taxa

Webb, J.E., Wallwork, J.A. & Elgood, J.H. (1978). Guide to invertebrate animals. MacMillan Press, London. [2nd edition] -- Show included taxa

Weygoldt, P. & Paulus, H.F. (1979b). Untersuchungen zur Morphologie, Taxonomie und Phylogenie der Chelicerata. II. Cladogramme und die Entfaltung der Chelicerata.. Zeitschrift für die Zoologische Systematik und Evolutionforschung 17: 177–200. -- Show included taxa

With, C.J. (1906). The Danish expedition to Siam 1899–1900. III. Chelonethi. An account of the Indian false-scorpions together with studies on the anatomy and classification of the order. Oversigt over det Konigelige Danske Videnskabernes Selskabs Forhandlinger (7) 3: 1–214. -- Show included taxa

Woolley, T.A. (1988). Acarology: mites and human welfare. John Wiley and Sons, New York. -- Show included taxa

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Date Type Reference Old value
2022-02-27 New taxonomic reference entry Pratt, 1935