Neobisium (Neobisium) maritimum (Leach, 1817)

SPECIES |   ACCEPTED

Original combination: Obisium maritimum

Subgenus Neobisium

LSID urn:lsid:wac.nmbe.ch:name:e3010a39-cba0-4b8c-8381-ec3f11c96be6


Taxonomic references

Phalangium acaroides Linnaeus:

Montagu, 1815: 7–11, plate 2 fig. 4 (misidentification)

Obisium maritimum

Leach, 1817: 52 original description
Risso, 1827: 158
Lucas, 1840: 450–451
Hagen, 1870: 270
Grube, 1872: 119, plate 1 fig. 2 (not seen)
Moniez, 1889: 104–105
Pickard-Cambridge, 1892: 215–216, plate B figs 8, 8a–c
Pocock, 1896c: 238
Laloy, 1904: 155
Pickard-Cambridge, 1905: 56
Imms, 1905: 231–232
Bagnall, 1907: 71
Pickard-Cambridge, 1907: 135
Ellingsen, 1907a: 169–171
Godfrey, 1907: 163
Jackson, 1907: 6–7
Godfrey, 1908: 158
Godfrey, 1909: 161–163
Kew, 1909a: 249–250
Warburton, 1909: 438
Kew, 1910a: 65, 66, 67, 69
Kew, 1910b: 110–111
Kew, 1911b: 1–2
Standen, 1912: 15–16
Kew, 1914: 97
Kew, 1916a: 124
Kew, 1916b: 80–81
Standen, 1917: 29
Barnes, 1925: 746–748
Ewing, 1928: n/a, fig. 6b
Schenkel, 1928: 65, fig. 22
Berland, 1929: 17
Bristowe, 1929b: 164
Savory, 1945: 180, 183

Chelifer maritimus (Leach):

Gervais, 1844: 83

Obisium (Obisium) maritimum Leach:

Kew, 1911a: 55, fig. 18
Kästner, 1928: 12, fig. 47

Neobisium (Neobisium) maritimum (Leach):

Beier, 1932a: 89, fig. 95
Roewer, 1937: 246
Beier, 1963a: 84–85, fig. 79
Vachon and Gabbutt, 1964: n/a, fig. 9
Vachon, 1964a: n/a, fig. 10
Crocker, 1978: 8
Legg and Jones, 1988: 75–76, figs 15a, 15b(a–f)
Harvey, 1991a: 363
Judson, 1997a: 26
Delfosse, 2003b: 33
Zaragoza and Galán, 2007: 4
Legg, 2019: 190

Neobisium maritimum (Leach):

Gilbert, 1951a: 552–553
Glynne-Williams and Hobart, 1952: 809, 810, 813, 821
Evans and Browning, 1954: 12–14
Morton, 1954: 206
Gabbutt, 1962: 87–88, fig. 1
Kensler, 1964: 201
Gabbutt, 1965: 360–385, figs 6–10, 16–20, 26–30, 39–46, 49, 52, 55
Kensler and Crisp, 1965: 509, 512, 515
Pedder, 1965: 108, 109, fig. 2
Gabbutt, 1966a: 338–343
Weygoldt, 1966d: 16, 56
Kensler, 1967: 392–404, figs 5, 14–15
Cloudsley-Thompson, 1968: 126, 134, 139
Kaestner, 1968: 216
Gabbutt, 1969a: 186, 187, 188, 192, figs 1a–c, 4a–c, 7a–c, 10e-f, 11a–c
Gabbutt, 1969b: 414–427, figs 1–2, 3a–h
Weygoldt, 1969a: 112, 115
Gabbutt, 1970a: 135–140, figs 1a–d, 3a, 4a
Hunt, 1970: 774–776
Legg, 1971a: 476, fig. 2b
Legg, 1972b: 5
Legg, 1975a: 66
Legg, 1975c: 124, figs 1b, 7c, 9a–b, 14c, 15e, 16d, 18a–b
Roth and Brown, 1976: 128
Judson, 1979b: 7
Jones, 1980c: n/a, map 8
Kovoor, 1987: 165
Chater, 1989: 7
Elliot, King, Morgan, Pugh, Smith and Wheeler, 1990: 554, fig. 11.1
Fowles, 1994: 17
Fowles, 1996: 7
Morton, Britton and Frias Martins, 1996: 195
Legg and O'Connor, 1997: 109–110, fig. 3
Ramsay, 1998: 1
Morton and Britton, 2000: 33
Galan, 2001: 74–75 (not seen)
Weygoldt, 2002f: 484
Legg, 2003a: 1
Del-Claro and Tizo-Pedroso, 2009: 17, fig. 5
Courtial, 2014: 45–47, figs 1, 2
Cawley, 2016: 117

Microbisium dumicola (C.L. Koch):

Evans and Browning, 1954: 10–12 (misidentification, in part; see Neobisium (Neobisium) carcinoides and Neobisium (Neobisium) sylvaticum)
Legg, 1971a: 476 (misidentification, in part; see Neobisium (Neobisium) carcinoides and Neobisium (Neobisium) sylvaticum)


Synonyms
Obisium littorale Moniez, 1889 -- synonymised by Ellingsen, 1907a: 169
LSID urn:lsid:wac.nmbe.ch:name:a1810123-ba19-4457-93e0-9064f0e10bf7
Obisium littorale
Moniez, 1889: 104–109, figs 1–4 original description
Ferronière, 1899: 137–138 (synonymised with Obisium maritimum by Ellingsen, 1907a: 169)
Distribution
Distribution table

Realm: Palearctic

France (mainland)
Ireland
Portugal (Azores)
UK
Type locality: west coast of England, United Kingdom.

Coordinates

Locality Lat Lon
1 west coast of England (IMPRECISE) 51 -4
Type repository
  • Holotype adult (BMNH); PT: 1 adult (BMNH)
Zoobank LSID

urn:lsid:zoobank.org:act:C50B940E-951E-4DCD-9300-B75C07A1B9AF

References

Bagnall, R.S. (1907). Anurida maritima, Guér., and its enemies. Entomologist's Record and Journal of Variation 19: 71. -- Show included taxa

Barnes, H.F. (1925). Obisium maritimum Leach found at Wembury, near Plymouth, together with its original description, and short notes on its geographical distribution. Journal of the Marine Biological Association 13: 746–749. -- Show included taxa

Beier, M. (1932a). Pseudoscorpionidea I. Subord. Chthoniinea et Neobisiinea. Tierreich 57: i–xx, 1–258. -- Show included taxa

Beier, M. (1963a). Sizilianische Pseudoscorpione. Bolletino Accademia Gioenia di Scienze Naturali in Catania (4) 7: 253–263. -- Show included taxa

Berland, L. (1929). Arachnides et Crustacès. In: Perrier, R. (ed.) Faune de la France en tableaux synoptiques Librairie Delagrave, Paris 2: 1–220. -- Show included taxa

Bristowe, W.S. (1929b). The spiders of the Scilly Islands. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1929: 149–164. -- Show included taxa

Chater, A.O. (1989). False-scorpions in Ceredigion, VC 46. Dyfed Invertebrate Group Newsletter 14: 5–10. -- Show included taxa

Cloudsley-Thompson, J.L. (1968). Spiders, scorpions, centipedes and mites. Pergamon Press, Oxford. [revised edition] -- Show included taxa

Courtial, C. (2014). Redécouverte de Neobisium (Neobisium) maritimum (Leach, 1817) un pseudoscorpion inféodé aux estrans rocheux et première mention sur la façade atlantique de Chthonius (Chthonius) halberti Kew, 1916 (Arachnida : Pseudoscorpiones). Invertébrés Armoricains 11: 45–48. -- Show included taxa

Crocker, J. (1978). Introduction to false scorpions. British Arachnological Society, Secretary's News Letter 21: 4–9. -- Show included taxa

Del-Claro, K. & Tizo-Pedroso, E. (2009). Ecological and evolutionary pathways of social behavior in pseudoscorpions (Arachnida: Pseudoscorpiones). acta ethologica 12: 13–22. -- Show included taxa

Delfosse, E. (2003b). Catalogue préliminaire des Pseudoscorpions de France métropolitaine (Arachnida Pseudoscorpiones). Bulletin de Phyllie 17: 24–48. -- Show included taxa

Ellingsen, E. (1907a). Notes on pseudoscorpions, British and foreign. Journal of the Quekett Microscopical Club (2) 10: 155–172. -- Show included taxa

Elliot, P., King, P.E., Morgan, C.J., Pugh, P.J.A., Smith, A. & Wheeler, S.L.A. (1990). Chelicerata, Uniramia, and Tardigrada. In: Hayward, P.J. and Ryland, J.S. (ed.) The marine fauna of the British Isles and north-west Europe Clarendon Press, Oxford 1: 553–627. -- Show included taxa

Evans, G.O. & Browning, E. (1954). Synopses of the British Fauna. No. 10. Pseudoscorpiones. Linnean Society, London. -- Show included taxa

Ewing, H.E. (1928). The legs and leg-bearing segments of some primitive arthropod groups, with notes on leg-segmentation in the Arachnida. Smithsonian Miscellaneous Collections 80(11): 1–41. -- Show included taxa

Ferronière, G. (1899). IIe contribution à l'étude de la faune de la Loire-Inférieure (Pseudoscorpion, Myriopodes, Annélides). Bulletin de la Société des Sciences Naturelles de l'Ouest de la France 9: 137–146. -- Show included taxa

Fowles, A. (1994). A provisional checklist of the invertebrates recorded from Wales. 1. False scorpions, harvestmen and spiders (Arachnida). Cyngor Cefn Gwlad Cymru (Countryside Council for Wales), Bangor, Gwynedd. -- Show included taxa

Fowles, A. (1996). Aspects of arachnid recording in Wales. Newsletter of the British Arachnological Society 77: 6–7. -- Show included taxa

Gabbutt, P.D. (1962). Nests' of the marine false-scorpion. Nature 196: 87–88. -- Show included taxa

Gabbutt, P.D. (1965). The external morphology of two pseudoscorpions Neobisium carpenteri and Neobisium maritimum. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 145: 359–386. -- Show included taxa

Gabbutt, P.D. (1966a). An investigation of the silken chambers of the marine pseudoscorpion Neobisium maritimum. Journal of Zoology, London 149: 337–343. -- Show included taxa

Gabbutt, P.D. (1969a). A key to all stages of the British species of the family Neobisiidae (Pseudoscorpiones: Diplosphyronida). Journal of Natural History 3: 183–195. -- Show included taxa

Gabbutt, P.D. (1969b). Chelal growth in pseudoscorpions. Journal of Zoology, London 157: 413–427. -- Show included taxa

Gabbutt, P.D. (1970a). Pseudoscorpions: growth and trichobothria. Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris (2) 41(supplément 1): 135–140. -- Show included taxa

Galan, C. (2001). Primeros datos sobre el Medio Subterráneo Superficial y otros hábitats subterráneos transicionales en el País Vasco. Munibe (Ciencias Naturales) 51: 67–78. -- Show included taxa

Gervais, P. (1844). Histoire Naturelle des Insectes. Aptères. Librairie Encyclopédique de Roret, Paris 3. -- Show included taxa

Gilbert, O. (1951a). Observations on the feeding of some British false scorpions. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 121: 547–555. -- Show included taxa

Glynne-Williams, J. & Hobart, J. (1952). Studies on the crevice fauna of a selected shore in Anglesey. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 122: 797–824. -- Show included taxa

Godfrey, R. (1907). The false-scorpions of the west of Scotland. Annals of Scottish Natural History 16: 162–163. -- Show included taxa

Godfrey, R. (1908). The false scorpions of Scotland. Annals of Scottish Natural History 17: 90–100, 155–161. -- Show included taxa

Godfrey, R. (1909). The false scorpions of Scotland (continued). Annals of Scottish Natural History 18: 22–26, 153–163. -- Show included taxa

Grube, A.E. (1872). Mittheilungen über St-Malo und Roscoff und die dortige Meeres- besonders die Annelidenfauna. Veränderungen, Schlesische Gesellschaft für Vaterländische Kultur, Breslau 1869–1872: 75–146. -- Show included taxa

Hagen, H. (1870). Synopsis pseudoscorpionidum synonymica. Proceedings of the Boston Society of Natural History 13: 263–272. -- Show included taxa

Harvey, M.S. (1991a). Catalogue of the Pseudoscorpionida. Manchester University Press, Manchester. -- Show included taxa

Hunt, S. (1970). Amino acid composition of silk from the pseudoscorpion Neobisium maritimum (Leach): a possible link between the silk fibroins and the keratins. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology (B) 34: 773–776. -- Show included taxa

Imms, A.D. (1905). On a marine pseudoscorpion from the Isle of Man. Annals and Magazine of Natural History (7) 15: 231–232. -- Show included taxa

Jackson, A.R. (1907). On some rare arachnids captured during 1906. Proceedings of the Chester Society of Natural Science 6: 1–7. -- Show included taxa

Jones, P.E. (1980c). Provisional atlas of the Arachnida of the British Isles. Part 1. Pseudoscorpiones.. Institute of Terrestrial Ecology, Monks Wood. -- Show included taxa

Judson, M.L.I. (1979b). On the status of Microbisium dumicola (C.L. Koch) 1835 (Neobisiidae: Chelonethi) in the British fauna.. Newsletter of the British Arachnological Society 25: 7–8. -- Show included taxa

Judson, M.L.I. (1997a). Catalogue of the pseudoscorpion types (Arachnida: Chelonethi) in the Natural History Museum, London. Occasional Papers on Systematic Entomology 11: 1–54. -- Show included taxa

Kaestner, A. (1968). Arthropod relatives, Chelicerata, Myriapoda. In: Invertebrate zoology John Wiley & Sons, New York 2. -- Show included taxa

Kästner, A. (1928). 2. Ordnung: Moos- oder Afterskorpione, Pseudoscorpiónes Latr. (Chernétes Simon; Chelonéti Thorell; Chernetídea Camb.). In: Brohmer, P, Ehrmann, P. and Ulmer, G. (ed.) Die Tierwelt Mitteleuropas Quelle und Meyer, Leipzig 3 (1, IV): 1–13. -- Show included taxa

Kensler, C.B. (1964). The crevice habitat on Anglesey, N. Wales. Journal of Animal Ecology 33: 200–202. -- Show included taxa

Kensler, C.B. (1967). Dessication resistance of intertidal crevice species as a factor in their zonation. Journal of Animal Ecology 36: 391–406. -- Show included taxa

Kensler, C.B. & Crisp, D.J. (1965). The colonization of artificial crevices by marine invertebrates. Journal of Animal Ecology 34: 507–516. -- Show included taxa

Kew, H.W. (1909a). Notes on the Irish false-scorpions in the National Museum of Ireland. Irish Naturalist 18: 249–250. -- Show included taxa

Kew, H.W. (1910a). A holiday in south-western Ireland. Notes on some false-scorpions and other animals observed in the counties of Kerry and Cork. Irish Naturalist 19: 64–73. -- Show included taxa

Kew, H.W. (1910b). On the Irish species of Obisium; with special reference to one from Glengariff new to the Britannic fauna. Irish Naturalist 19: 108–112. -- Show included taxa

Kew, H.W. (1911a). A synopsis of the false scorpions of Britain and Ireland. Proceedings of the Royal Irish Academy, section B 29: 38–64. -- Show included taxa

Kew, H.W. (1911b). Clare Island Survey. 38. Pseudoscorpiones. Proceedings of the Royal Irish Academy 31(38): 1–2. -- Show included taxa

Kew, H.W. (1914). On the nests of Pseudoscorpiones: with historical notes on the spinning-organs and observations on the building and spinning of the nests. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 84: 93–111. -- Show included taxa

Kew, H.W. (1916a). An historical account of the pseudoscorpion-fauna of the British islands. Journal of the Quekett Microscopical Club (2) 13: 117–136. -- Show included taxa

Kew, H.W. (1916b). A synopsis of the false-scorpions of Britain and Ireland; supplement. Proceedings of the Royal Irish Academy, section B 33: 71–85. -- Show included taxa

Kovoor, J. (1987). Comparative structure and histochemistry of silk-producing organs in arachnids. In: Nentwig, W. (ed.) Ecophysiology of spiders Springer-Verlag, Berlin: 160–186. -- Show included taxa

Laloy, L. (1904). Insectes, Arachnides et Myriapodes marins. La Nature, Paris 32: 154–155. -- Show included taxa

Leach, W.E. (1817). The zoological miscellany; being descriptions of new or interesting animals. Nodder, London 3. -- Show included taxa

Legg, G. (1971a). False-scorpions: the families Chthoniidae, Neobisiidae and Cheiridiidae. Countryside 21: 472–477. -- Show included taxa

Legg, G. (1972b). Some little known arachnids. Newsletter of the British Arachnological Society 4: 4–6. -- Show included taxa

Legg, G. (1975a). A generalised account of the male genitalia and associated glands of pseudoscorpions (Arachnida). Bulletin of the British Arachnological Society 3: 66–74. -- Show included taxa

Legg, G. (1975c). The genitalia and associated glands of five British species belonging to the family Neobisiidae (Pseudoscorpiones: Arachnida). Journal of Zoology, London 177: 123–151. -- Show included taxa

Legg, G. (2003a). Marine pseudoscorpions. Galea 6: 1. -- Show included taxa

Legg, G. & Jones, R.E. (1988). Synopses of the British fauna (new series). 40. Pseudoscorpions (Arthropoda; Arachnida). Brill/Backhuys, Leiden. -- Show included taxa

Legg, G. & O'Connor, J.P. (1997). A review of the Irish pseudoscorpions (Arachnida: Pseudoscorpiones). Bulletin of the Irish Biogeographical Society 20: 105–126. -- Show included taxa

Lucas, H. (1840). Histoire naturelle des Crustacés, des Arachnides et des Myriapodes. P. Duménil, Paris. -- Show included taxa

Moniez, R. (1889). Sur un Pseudo-scorpion marin (Obisium littorale nov. sp.). Revue Biologique du Nord de la France 2: 102–109. -- Show included taxa

Montagu, G. (1815). Descriptions of several new or rare animals, principally marine, discovered on the south coast of Devonshire. Transactions of the Linnean Society of London 11: 1–26. -- Show included taxa

Morton, B. & Britton, J.C. (2000). Origins of the Azorean intertidal biota: the significance of introduced species, survivors of chance events. Arquipélago, Life and Marine Sciences, Supplement 2(Part A): 29–51. -- Show included taxa

Morton, B., Britton, J.C. & Frias Martins, A.M. (1996). The Lajes do Pico Marsh: a further case for coastal conservation in the Açores. Açoreana 8: 183–200. -- Show included taxa

Morton, J.E. (1954). The crevice faunas of the upper intertidal zone at Wembury. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 33: 187–224. -- Show included taxa

Pedder, I.J. (1965). Abnormal segmentation of the abdomen in six species of British pseudoscorpions. Entomologist 98: 108–112. -- Show included taxa

Pickard-Cambridge, O. (1892). On the British species of false-scorpions. Proceedings of the Dorset Natural History and Antiquarian Field Club and Archaeological Society 13: 199–231. -- Show included taxa

Pickard-Cambridge, O. (1905). On new and rare British Arachnida. Proceedings of the Dorset Natural History and Antiquarian Field Club and Archaeological Society 26: 40–74. -- Show included taxa

Pickard-Cambridge, O. (1907). On new and rare British Arachnida. Proceedings of the Dorset Natural History and Antiquarian Field Club and Archaeological Society 28: 121–148. -- Show included taxa

Pocock, R.I. (1896c). Scorpions, spiders, ticks, etc, - Class Arachnida. In: Lydekker, R. (ed.) The royal natural history Frederick Warne & Co., London, New York 6: 213–247. -- Show included taxa

Ramsay, A. (1998). Neobisium (Neobisium) maritimum (Leach 1812) (Neobisiidae) a pseudoscorpion new to Scotland. Galea 1: 1. -- Show included taxa

Risso, A. (1827). Animaux articulés: description de quelques Myriapodes, Scorpionides, Arachnides et Acarides, habitant les Alpes Maritimes. In: Risso, A. (ed.) Histoire naturelle des principales productions de l'Europe méridionale et principalement de celles des environs de Nice et des Alpes Maritimes Levrault, Paris: 147–186. -- Show included taxa

Roewer, C.F. (1937). Chelonethi oder Pseudoskorpione. In: Bronns, H.G. (ed.) Bronn's Klassen und Ordnungen des Tierreichs Akademische Verlagsgesellschaft M.B.H., Leipzig 5(IV)(6)(1): 161–320. -- Show included taxa

Roth, V.D. & Brown, W.L. (1976). Other intertidal air-breathing arthropods. In: Cheng, L. (ed.) Marine insects North-Holland Publishing Co., Amsterdam and Oxford: 119–150. -- Show included taxa

Savory, T.H. (1945). The spiders and allied orders of the British Isles comprising descriptions of every family of British spiders, every species of harvestmen and false scorpions also the more familiar of the British mites and sea-spiders. Frederick Warne & Co., London. [2nd edition] -- Show included taxa

Schenkel, E. (1928). Pseudoscorpionida (Afterskorpione). In: Dahl, F. (ed.) Die Tierwelt Deutschlands G. Fischer, Jena 8: 52–72. -- Show included taxa

Standen, R. (1912). The false-scorpions of Lancashire and some adjoining counties, with a preliminary list of records. Lancashire and Cheshire Naturalist 5: 7–16. -- Show included taxa

Standen, R. (1917). Report on the false-scorpions (Chelifers). Lancashire and Cheshire Naturalist 10: 27–31. -- Show included taxa

Vachon, M. (1964a). Roncus (R.) barbei nouvelle espèce de Pseudoscorpion Neobisiidae des cavernes du Lot-et-Garonne, France. Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris (2) 36: 72–79. -- Show included taxa

Vachon, M. & Gabbutt, P.D. (1964). Sur l'utilisation des soies flagellaires chélicériennes dans la distinction des genres Neobisium J.C. Chamberlin et Roncus L. Koch (Arachnides, Pseudoscorpions, Neobisiidae). Importance d'une connaissance précise de la genèse d'un caractère pour en déceler la valeur taxonomique. Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France 89: 174–188. -- Show included taxa

Warburton, C. (1909). Arachnida Embolobranchiata (scorpions, spiders, mites, etc.). In: Harmer, S.F. and Shipley, A.E. (ed.) The Cambridge natural history MacMillan and Co., London 4: 297–474. -- Show included taxa

Weygoldt, P. (1966d). Moos- und Bücherskorpione. A. Ziemsen Verlag, Wittenberg Lutherstadt. -- Show included taxa

Weygoldt, P. (1969a). The biology of pseudoscorpions. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts. -- Show included taxa

Weygoldt, P. (2002f). Chelicerata, Spinnentiere. In: Westheide, W. and Rieger, R. (ed.) Spezielle Zoologie Spektrum Akademischer Verlag, Heidelberg, Berlin 1: Einzeller und Wirbellose Tiere: 449–497. -- Show included taxa

Zaragoza, J.A. & Galán, C. (2007). Pseudoescorpiones cavernícolas de Gipuzkoa y zonas próximas (Arachnida: Pseudoscorpiones). Sociedad de Ciencias Aranzadi, Donostia-San Sebastián. -- Show included taxa

Cawley, M. (2016). An indexed bibliographical checklist of the false-scorpions (Arachnida: Pseudoscorpiones) of Ireland (1836-2014). Bulletin of the Irish Biogeographical Society 40: 116–124. -- Show included taxa

Legg, G. (2019). Changes in the British pseudoscorpion fauna over the last 50 years. Arachnology 18: 189–195. -- Show included taxa

Logs
Date Type Reference Old value
2022-07-02 New taxonomic reference entry Legg, 2019
2022-04-06 New taxonomic reference entry Cawley, 2016