Ricinoides afzelii (Thorell, 1892)


Original combination: Cryptostemma Afzelii

LSID urn:lsid:wac.nmbe.ch:name:8f7f7c36-2533-4e4f-bfac-44e8ed40e7e8

Taxonomic references

Cryptostemma afzelii

Thorell, 1892: 10–17, figs 1–8 original description
Hansen and Sørensen, 1904: 150–151, plate VIII figs 2a–g
Petrunkevitch, 1913: n/a, fig. 43
Savory, 1935: n/a, fig. 51

Ricinoides afzelii (Thorell):

Ewing, 1929: 597
Kästner, 1932c: n/a, fig. 140
Bolívar y Pieltain, 1942: 201
Savory, 1964a: n/a, fig. 101 (as Ricinoides afzeli [sic])
Pollock, 1966: 403–405, unnumbered figs
Pollock, 1967: 19–22
Kennaugh, 1968: 394, etc., plates IIb, IIIa, IVb, Vb, VI
Kaestner, 1968: 204, 207
Tuxen, 1974: 91–96, figs 1a, 2–17
Savory, 1977: n/a, fig. 88
Legg, 1978a: 93
Legg, 1978b: 124–125, figs 1–2
Harvey, 1984b: 209, fig. 10
Dunlop, 1994e: n/a, unnumbered fig
Dunlop, 1996d: 195, fig. 11
Coddington and Colwell, 2001: 212
Harvey, 2003c: 183
Naskrecki, 2008: 58, figs 14–19
Botero-Trujillo, Sain and Prendini, 2021: 10–19, figs. 5, 6A, 7A, 9A, 11A, 12A, 14A, 15A, 17A, 18A, 20A, 21A, 22A, C, E, G, 28A, C, E, G, I, 33A, 34A, tables 1–3

Distribution table
Sierra Leone
Type locality: Sierra Leone.


Locality Lat Lon
1 Sierra Leone (IMPRECISE) 8.5 -12
Type repository
Zoobank LSID



Bolívar y Pieltain, C. (1942). Estudio de un Ricinulideo de la Caverna de Cacahuamilpa, Guerrero, Mex. Revista de la Sociedad Mexicana de Historia Natural 2: 197–209. -- Show included taxa

Coddington, J.A. & Colwell, R.K. (2001). Arachnids. In: Levin, S.A. (ed.) Encyclopedia of Biodiversity Academic Press, San Diego 1: 199–218. -- Show included taxa

Dunlop, J.[A.] (1994e). Ricinuleids. Journal of the British Tarantula Society 10: 55–58. -- Show included taxa

Dunlop, J.A. (1996d). Evidence for a sister group relationship between Ricinulei and Trigonotarbida. Bulletin of the British Arachnological Society 10: 193–204. -- Show included taxa

Ewing, H.E. (1929). A synopsis of the American arachnids of the primitive order Ricinulei. Annals of the Entomological Society of America 22: 583–600. -- Show included taxa

Hansen, H.J. & Sørensen, W. (1904). On two orders of Arachnida. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. -- Show included taxa

Harvey, M.S. (1984b). The female of Ricinoides westermannii (Guérin-Méneville), with notes on those of R. afzelii (Thorell) and R. karschii (Hansen & Sørensen) (Ricinulei). Bulletin of the British Arachnological Society 6: 205–210. -- Show included taxa

Harvey, M.S. (2003c). Catalogue of the smaller arachnid orders of the world: Amblypygi, Uropygi, Schizomida, Palpigradi, Ricinulei and Solifugae. CSIRO Publishing, Melbourne. -- Show included taxa

Kaestner, A. (1968). Arthropod relatives, Chelicerata, Myriapoda. In: Invertebrate zoology John Wiley & Sons, New York 2. -- Show included taxa

Kästner, A. (1932c). Ricinulei Thorell. In: Kükenthal, W. (ed.) Handbuch der Zoologie Walter de Gruyter & Co., Berlin und Leipzig 3 (2) (4): 99–116. -- Show included taxa

Kennaugh, J.H. (1968). An examination of the cuticle of three species of Ricinulei (Arachnida). Journal of Zoology, London 156: 393–404. doi: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-7998.1968.tb04361.x -- Show included taxa

Legg, G. (1978a). Two new ricinuleids from W. Africa (Arachnida: Ricinulei) with a key to the adults of the genus Ricinoides. Bulletin of the British Arachnological Society 4: 89–99. -- Show included taxa

Legg, G. (1978b). The status of Ricinoides plebejus and a note on R. afzelii (Ricinulei, Arachnida). Bulletin of the British Arachnological Society 4: 124–125. -- Show included taxa

Naskrecki, P. (2008). A new ricinuleid of the genus Ricinoides Ewing (Arachnida, Ricinulei) from Ghana. Zootaxa 1698: 57–64. doi: https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.1698.1.4 -- Show included taxa

Petrunkevitch, A. (1913). A monograph of the terrestrial Palaeozoic Arachnida of North America. Transactions of the Connecticut Academy of Arts and Sciences 18: 1–137. -- Show included taxa

Pollock, J. (1966). Secret life of the ricinuleid. Animals, London 8: 402–405. -- Show included taxa

Pollock, J. (1967). Notes on the biology of Ricinulei (Arachnida). Journal of the West African Science Association 12: 19–22. -- Show included taxa

Savory, T.H. (1935). The Arachnida. Edward Arnold and Co., London. -- Show included taxa

Savory, T.H. (1964a). Arachnida. Academic Press, London. -- Show included taxa

Savory, T.H. (1977). Arachnida. Academic Press, London. [2nd edition] -- Show included taxa

Thorell, T. (1892). On an apparently new arachnid belonging to the family Cryptostemmoidae, Westw.. Kungliga Svenska Vetenskaps-akademiens Handlingar 17: 1–18. -- Show included taxa

Tuxen, S.L. (1974). The African genus Ricinoides (Arachnida, Ricinulei). Journal of Arachnology 1: 85–106. -- Show included taxa

Botero-Trujillo, R., Sain, C.E. & Prendini, L. (2021). Systematics of the "giant" Ricinulei (Ricinoididae: Ricinoides) of West Africa : with descriptions of five new species and comparative morphology of the male copulatory apparatus. American Museum Novitates 448: 1–68. -- Show included taxa

Date Type Reference Old value
2022-06-29 Taxonomic reference update Botero-Trujillo, Sain and Prendini, 2021
2022-06-29 New taxonomic reference entry Botero-Trujillo, Sain and Prendini, 2021