Paragaleodes scalaris (C.L. Koch, 1842)

SPECIES |   ACCEPTED

Original combination: Galeodes scalaris

LSID urn:lsid:wac.nmbe.ch:name:20dbe28f-8678-4e07-8948-a1c89764d11b


Genus type of Paragaleodes Kraepelin, 1899

Taxonomic references

Solpuga intrepida (Dufour):

Audouin, 1826: 178, fig. 8 (misidentification)
Audouin, 1829: 419, fig. 8 (misidentification)
Gervais, 1844: 89, plate 27 fig. 1 (misidentification)

Galeodes intrepidus (Dufour):

281 (not seen) (misidentification) Lucas, 1846 (reference missing)
Pocock, 1895a: 75–76 (misidentification)

Galeodes scalaris

Koch, 1842: 353–354
Koch, 1847: 87–88, fig. 1477
Koch, 1850: 97
Butler, 1873d: 420
103–104, Simon, 1879x (reference missing)
77, Simon, 1879c (reference missing)
Hansen, 1894: 185
Pocock, 1894e: 270
Roewer, 1934: 533
Moriggi, 1941: 287
Roewer, 1941: 162
Zilch, 1946: 146
Moritz and Fischer, 1980: 147

Paragaleodes scalaris (C.L. Koch):

Kraepelin, 1899b: 204
Kraepelin, 1899c: 376
Kraepelin, 1901a: 25
Kraepelin, 1908c: 212
Werner, 1911: 193
Buxton, 1913: 249, figs 34, 36a, 37
Birula, 1926: 179
Caporiacco, 1936a: 99
Shultz, 1989: 33, figs 4d, 8d, 12d–e, 16–17
Harvey, 2003c: 275–276

Not Paragaleodes scalaris (C.L. Koch):

Caporiacco, 1927: 60 (misidentification, see Galeodes granti Pocock)


Synonyms
Galeodes leucophaeus C.L. Koch, 1842 -- synonymised by Kraepelin, 1899b: 204
LSID urn:lsid:wac.nmbe.ch:name:c3d30c5b-8013-4460-8d02-e046c51308a2
Galeodes leucophaeus
Koch, 1842: 354 original description
Koch, 1847: 88–89, fig. 1478
Koch, 1850: 97
Butler, 1873d: 420
105, Simon, 1879x (reference missing)
Moritz and Fischer, 1980: 145 (synonymised by Kraepelin, 1899b: 204)
Galeodes savignyi Simon, 1879 -- synonymised by Reference missing
LSID urn:lsid:wac.nmbe.ch:name:93f43ab4-f2e3-4f1f-aeea-e915c64bdb0c
Galeodes savignyi
105, Simon, 1879x (reference missing)
77, Simon, 1879c (reference missing)
Birula (as Virula), 1890a: 206
Birula, 1890b: 72–74, figs 9–10 (invalid replacement name for Audouin's specimens identifed as Solpuga intrepida (Dufour))
Paragaleodes savignyi (Simon):
Kraepelin, 1899b: 204
Distribution
Distribution table
Algeria
Egypt
Ethiopia
Saudi Arabia
Somalia
Turkmenistan
Yemen
Type locality: Arabia.

Coordinates

Locality Lat Lon
1 Arabia (IMPRECISE) 24 46
Type repository
  • Syntypes: 3 female (ZMB 173)
Zoobank LSID

urn:lsid:zoobank.org:act:B6DF6424-BDED-4D15-BF5F-4AE63F605E0D

References

Audouin, V. (1826). Explication sommaire des planches arachnides de l'Égypte et de la Syrie. In: Description de l'Égypte ou recueil des observations et des recherches qui ont été faites en Égypte pendant l'expédition de l'armée française C.L.F. Panckoucke, Paris 1(4): 99–186. [1st edition] -- Show included taxa

Audouin, V. (1829). Explication sommaire des planches d'arachnides de l'Égypte et de la Syrie. In: Description de l'Égypte ou recueil des observations et des recherches qui ont été faites en Égypte pendant l'expédition de l'armée française C.L.F. Panckoucke, Paris 22: 291–430. [2nd edition] -- Show included taxa

Birula (as Virula), A. (1890a). Zur Kenntnis der russischen Galeodiden. I-II. Zoologischer Anzeiger 13: 204–209. -- Show included taxa

Birula, A. (1890b). Materialien zur Fauna der Solpugen Rußlands [Materials on the solpugid fauna of Russia]. Travaux de la Société Impériale des Naturalistes de St-Pétersbourg 21: 53–83. -- Show included taxa

Birula, A. (1926). On some species of the Solifugae from British East Africa and the various countries of North-East Africa. Annuaire du Musée Zoologique de l'Academie des Sciences de l'URSS 27: 175–218. -- Show included taxa

Butler, A.G. (1873d). List of the species of Galeodides, with description of a new species in the collection of the British Museum. Transactions of the Entomological Society of London 1873: 415–425. -- Show included taxa

Buxton, B.H. (1913). Coxal glands of the arachnids. Zoologische Jahrbücher, Abteilung für Systematik, Geographie und Biologie der Tiere 15: 231–282. -- Show included taxa

Caporiacco, L. di (1927). Scorpioni e Solifugi raccolti in Somalia dai prof. Stefanini e Puccioni nel 1924. Monitore Zoologico Italiano 38: 58–62. -- Show included taxa

Caporiacco, L. di (1936a). Aracnidi raccolti durante le primavera 1933 nelle oasi del deserto Libico. Memorie della Società Entomologica Italiana 15: 93–122. -- Show included taxa

Gervais, P. (1844). Histoire Naturelle des Insectes. Aptères. Librairie Encyclopédique de Roret, Paris 3. -- Show included taxa

Hansen, H.J. (1894). Organs and characters in different orders of arachnids [second part]. Entomologiske Meddelelser 4: 145–249. -- Show included taxa

Harvey, M.S. (2003c). Catalogue of the smaller arachnid orders of the world: Amblypygi, Uropygi, Schizomida, Palpigradi, Ricinulei and Solifugae. CSIRO Publishing, Melbourne. -- Show included taxa

Koch, C.L. (1842). Systematische Uebersicht über die familie der Galeoden. Archiv für Naturgeschichte 8: 350–356. -- Show included taxa

Koch, C.L. (1847). Die Arachniden. Getreu nach der Natur Abgebildet und Beschrieben. J.L. Lotzbeck, Nürnberg 15. -- Show included taxa

Koch, C.L. (1850). Übersicht des Arachnidensystems. J.L. Lotzbeck, Nürnberg 5. -- Show included taxa

Kraepelin, K. (1899b). Zur Systematik der Solifugen. Mitteilungen aus dem Naturhistorischen Museum in Hamburg 16: 197–259. -- Show included taxa

Kraepelin, K. (1899c). Catalogue des Solifuges (?) des collections du Muséum d'histoire Naturelle de Paris. Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris 5: 376–378. -- Show included taxa

Kraepelin, K. (1901a). Palpigradi und Solifugae. Tierreich 12: i–xi, 1–159. -- Show included taxa

Kraepelin, K. (1908c). Die sekundären Geschlechtscharaktere der Skorpione, Pedipalpen und Solifugen. Mitteilungen aus dem Naturhistorischen Museum in Hamburg 25: 182–225. -- Show included taxa

Moriggi, M. (1941). Le Solpughe dell'Africa Orientale italiana. Rivista di Biologia Coloniale, Roma 4: 273–291. -- Show included taxa

Moritz, M. & Fischer, S.-C. (1980). Die Typen der Arachniden-Sammlung des Zoologischen Museums Berlin. II. Uropygi, Amblypygi, Schizomida, Ricinulei, Solifuga. Mitteilung aus dem Zoologischen Museum in Berlin 56: 137–154. -- Show included taxa

Pocock, R.I. (1894e). Some suggestions on the origin and evolution of web-spinning in spiders. Nature 51: 417–420. -- Show included taxa

Pocock, R.I. (1895a). Notes on some of the Solifugae contained in the collection of the British Museum, with descriptions of new species. Annals and Magazine of Natural History (6) 16: 74–98. -- Show included taxa

Roewer, C.F. (1934). Solifugae, Palpigradi. In: Bronn's Klassen und Ordnungen des Tierreichs. 5: Arthropoda. IV: Arachnoidea Akademische Verlagsgesellschaft M.B.H., Leipzig 5(IV)(4)(4–5): 481–723. -- Show included taxa

Roewer, C.F. (1941). Solifugen 1934–1940. Veröffentlichungen des Deutschen Kolonial Ubersee-Museums, Bremen 3: 97–192. -- Show included taxa

Shultz, J.W. (1989). Morphology of locomotor appendages in Arachnida: evolutionary trends and phylogenetic implications. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 97: 1–56. -- Show included taxa

Werner, F. (1911). Scorpions and annulated spiders of the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan. In: Balfour, A. (ed.) Fourth report of the Wellcome Tropical Research Laboratories at the Gordon Memorial College Khartoum Department of Education, Sudan Government, Khartoum 4B: 179–194. -- Show included taxa

Zilch, A. (1946). Katalog der Solifugen (Arach.) des Senckenberg-Museums. Senckenbergiana 27: 119–154. -- Show included taxa

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