Chthonius halberti Kew, 1916


Original combination: Chthonius halberti


Genus type of Kewochthonius Chamberlin, 1929

Taxonomic references

Chthonius halberti

Kew, 1916b: 77, fig. 3 original description
Savory, 1945: 180, 181
Cloudsley-Thompson, 1968: 127
Jones, 1980c: n/a, map 2
Roewer, 1937: 239
Elliot, King, Morgan, Pugh, Smith and Wheeler, 1990: 554, fig. 11.1
Courtial, 2014: 47–48, fig. 3
Legg and Farr-Cox, 2016: n/a, fig. 1
Andrews, 2017b: 4–5, figs 1, 2
Gardini, 2021: 57–60, figs 158–172, 412

Kewochthonius halberti (Kew):

Chamberlin, 1929a: 65–66
Muchmore, 1968c: 71–75, figs 1–3
Legg and O'Connor, 1997: 106, fig. 1
Cawley, 2016: 117

Chthonius (Neochthonius) halberti Kew:

Beier, 1932a: 46
Evans and Browning, 1954: 8
Beier, 1963b: 20–21, fig. 13
Crocker, 1978: 8
Judson, 1988: 131
Legg and Jones, 1988: 56–58, figs 9a, 9b(a–e)

Chthonius (Chthonius) halberti Kew:

Legg, 1971a: 473
Judson, 1990a: 598–599, fig. 11
Harvey, 1991a: 148
Gama, Sousa, Ferreira and Barrocas, 2000: 91
Gardini, 2000: 17
Delfosse, 2003b: 27
Zaragoza, 2007a: 12
Legg, 2019: 190

Distribution table

Realm: Palearctic

France (mainland)
Italy (mainland, Sardinia, Sicily)
Portugal (mainland)
Type locality: Malahide, Dublin, Ireland.


Locality Lat Lon
1 Malahide 53.45 -6.15
Type repository
Zoobank LSID


Andrews, L. (2017b). The rediscovery of Chthonius halberti. Newsletter of the British Arachnological Society 138(5–6). -- Show included taxa

Beier, M. (1932a). Pseudoscorpionidea I. Subord. Chthoniinea et Neobisiinea. Tierreich 57: i–xx, 1–258. -- Show included taxa

Beier, M. (1963b). Ordnung Pseudoscorpionidea (Afterskorpione). In: Bestimmungsbücher zur Bodenfauna Europas Akademie-Verlag, Berlin 1: vi, 313 pp.. -- Show included taxa

Chamberlin, J.C. (1929a). A synoptic classification of the false scorpions or chela-spinners, with a report on a cosmopolitan collection of the same. Part 1. The Heterosphyronida (Chthoniidae) (Arachnida-Chelonethida). Annals and Magazine of Natural History (10) 4: 50–80. -- Show included taxa

Cloudsley-Thompson, J.L. (1968). Spiders, scorpions, centipedes and mites. Pergamon Press, Oxford. [revised edition] -- Show included taxa

Courtial, C. (2014). Redécouverte de Neobisium (Neobisium) maritimum (Leach, 1817) un pseudoscorpion inféodé aux estrans rocheux et première mention sur la façade atlantique de Chthonius (Chthonius) halberti Kew, 1916 (Arachnida : Pseudoscorpiones). Invertébrés Armoricains 11: 45–48. -- Show included taxa

Crocker, J. (1978). Introduction to false scorpions. British Arachnological Society, Secretary's News Letter 21: 4–9. -- Show included taxa

Delfosse, E. (2003b). Catalogue préliminaire des Pseudoscorpions de France métropolitaine (Arachnida Pseudoscorpiones). Bulletin de Phyllie 17: 24–48. -- Show included taxa

Elliot, P., King, P.E., Morgan, C.J., Pugh, P.J.A., Smith, A. & Wheeler, S.L.A. (1990). Chelicerata, Uniramia, and Tardigrada. In: Hayward, P.J. and Ryland, J.S. (ed.) The marine fauna of the British Isles and north-west Europe Clarendon Press, Oxford 1: 553–627. -- Show included taxa

Evans, G.O. & Browning, E. (1954). Synopses of the British Fauna. No. 10. Pseudoscorpiones. Linnean Society, London. -- Show included taxa

Gama, M.M. da, Sousa, J.P., Ferreira, C. & Barrocas, H. (2000). Endemic and rare arthropod species in High Endemism Areas (HEA) of Algarve (South Portugal). Belgian Journal of Entomology 2: 87–98. -- Show included taxa

Gardini, G. (2000). Catalogo degli Pseudoscorpioni d'Italia (Arachnida). Fragmenta Entomologica 32, Supplemento: 1–181. -- Show included taxa

Harvey, M.S. (1991a). Catalogue of the Pseudoscorpionida. Manchester University Press, Manchester. -- Show included taxa

Jones, P.E. (1980c). Provisional atlas of the Arachnida of the British Isles. Part 1. Pseudoscorpiones.. Institute of Terrestrial Ecology, Monks Wood. -- Show included taxa

Judson, M.L.I. (1988). Sur la présence en France de Chthonius (C.) halberti Kew et de Chthonius (C.) ressli Beier avec remarques sur le rang de Kewochthonius Chamberlin et de Neochthonius Chamberlin (Arachnida, Chelonethida, Chthoniidae). Comptes Rendus Xème Colloque Europeen Arachnologie. Bulletin de la Société de Sciences de Bretagne 59: 131. -- Show included taxa

Judson, M.L.I. (1990a). On the presence of Chthonius (C.) halberti Kew and Chthonius (C.) ressli Beier in France with remarks on the status of Kewochthonius Chamberlin and Neochthonius Chamberlin (Arachnida, Chelonethida, Chthoniidae). Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris (4) 11: 593–603. -- Show included taxa

Kew, H.W. (1916b). A synopsis of the false-scorpions of Britain and Ireland; supplement. Proceedings of the Royal Irish Academy, section B 33: 71–85. -- Show included taxa

Legg, G. (1971a). False-scorpions: the families Chthoniidae, Neobisiidae and Cheiridiidae. Countryside 21: 472–477. -- Show included taxa

Legg, G. & Jones, R.E. (1988). Synopses of the British fauna (new series). 40. Pseudoscorpions (Arthropoda; Arachnida). Brill/Backhuys, Leiden. -- Show included taxa

Legg, G. & O'Connor, J.P. (1997). A review of the Irish pseudoscorpions (Arachnida: Pseudoscorpiones). Bulletin of the Irish Biogeographical Society 20: 105–126. -- Show included taxa

Muchmore, W.B. (1968c). Redescription of the type species of the pseudoscorpion genus Kewochthonius Chamberlin. Entomological News 79: 71–76. -- Show included taxa

Roewer, C.F. (1937). Chelonethi oder Pseudoskorpione. In: Bronns, H.G. (ed.) Bronn's Klassen und Ordnungen des Tierreichs Akademische Verlagsgesellschaft M.B.H., Leipzig 5(IV)(6)(1): 161–320. -- Show included taxa

Savory, T.H. (1945). The spiders and allied orders of the British Isles comprising descriptions of every family of British spiders, every species of harvestmen and false scorpions also the more familiar of the British mites and sea-spiders. Frederick Warne & Co., London. [2nd edition] -- Show included taxa

Zaragoza, J.A. (2007a). Catálogo de los Pseudoescorpiones de la Península Ibérica e Islas Baleares (Arachnida: Pseudoscorpiones). Revista Ibérica de Aracnología 13: 3–91. -- Show included taxa

Gardini, G. (2021). The Italian species of the Chthonius ischnocheles group (Arachnida, Pseudoscorpiones, Chthoniidae), with reference to neighbouring countries. Zootaxa 4987: 1‒131. -- Show included taxa

Cawley, M. (2016). An indexed bibliographical checklist of the false-scorpions (Arachnida: Pseudoscorpiones) of Ireland (1836-2014). Bulletin of the Irish Biogeographical Society 40: 116–124. -- Show included taxa

Legg, G. (2019). Changes in the British pseudoscorpion fauna over the last 50 years. Arachnology 18: 189–195. -- Show included taxa

Legg, G. & Farr-Cox, F. (2016). Illustrated key to the British false scorpions (pseudoscorpions). Field Studies Council: Telford. -- Show included taxa

Date Type Reference Old value
2022-12-17 New taxonomic reference entry Andrews, 2017
2022-10-03 Taxonomic reference update Legg and Farr-Cox, 2016
2022-10-03 New taxonomic reference entry Legg and Farr-Cox, 2016
2022-07-03 New taxonomic reference entry Legg, 2019
2022-04-06 New taxonomic reference entry Cawley, 2016
2022-03-20 Species updated Old value
2022-03-20 New taxonomic reference entry Gardini, 2021
2022-03-18 Species updated Old value