Ephippiochthonius virginicus (Chamberlin, 1929)


Original combination: Chthonius virginicus

LSID urn:lsid:wac.nmbe.ch:name:51d79d57-71fb-472d-a71d-b2e0f6177c01

Taxonomic references

Chthonius virginicus

Chamberlin, 1929a: 73–74 original description
Pearse, 1946: 257
Roewer, 1937: 239
Lewis, 1995: 21
180, 205, McCreedy, 2004 (reference missing)
Norden, 2008: 52

Chthonius (Globochthonius) virginicus Chamberlin:

Beier, 1931b: 54
Beier, 1932a: 55

Chthonius (Globochthonius?) virginicus Chamberlin:

Hoff, 1958: 4

Chthonius tetrachelatus (Preyssler):

Hobbs III and Flynn, 1981: 12 (misidentification) (not seen)

Chthonius (Ephippiochthonius) virginicus Chamberlin:

Muchmore, 1981b: 110–111, figs 1–2
Harvey, 1991a: 175
Muchmore, 1994b: 318–319

Ephippiochthonius virginicus (Chamberlin):

Zaragoza, 2017: 6, 33, 34

Distribution table

Realm: Nearctic

US (District of Columbia, Indiana, Maryland, North Carolina, Ohio, Virginia)
Type locality: Great Falls, Fairfax County, Virginia, U.S.A.


Locality Lat Lon
1 Great Falls 39.016666 -77.3
Type repository
  • undefined Holotype female (Cornell University?, JC-64.01003); paratypes: 2 females (Cornell University?, CAS, JC-64.01001–2)
Zoobank LSID



Beier, M. (1931b). Zur Kenntnis der Chthoniiden (Pseudoskorpione). Zoologischer Anzeiger 93: 49–56. -- Show included taxa

Beier, M. (1932a). Pseudoscorpionidea I. Subord. Chthoniinea et Neobisiinea. Tierreich 57: i–xx, 1–258. -- Show included taxa

Chamberlin, J.C. (1929a). A synoptic classification of the false scorpions or chela-spinners, with a report on a cosmopolitan collection of the same. Part 1. The Heterosphyronida (Chthoniidae) (Arachnida-Chelonethida). Annals and Magazine of Natural History (10) 4: 50–80. -- Show included taxa

Harvey, M.S. (1991a). Catalogue of the Pseudoscorpionida. Manchester University Press, Manchester. -- Show included taxa

Hobbs III, H.H. & Flynn, M.F. (1981). The cave fauna of Ohio. Pholeos 1: 7–14. -- Show included taxa

Hoff, C.C. (1958). List of the pseudoscorpions of North America north of Mexico. American Museum Novitates 1875: 1–50. -- Show included taxa

Lewis, J.J. (1995). Inventory of the troglobitic fauna of the Crosley State Fish and Wildlife Area, Jennings County, Indiana. Indiana Department of Natural Resources, Indianapolis. -- Show included taxa

Muchmore, W.B. (1981b). Redescription of Chthonius virginicus Chamberlin (Pseudoscorpionida, Chthoniidae). Journal of Arachnology 9: 110–112. -- Show included taxa

Muchmore, W.B. (1994b). Some pseudoscorpions (Arachnida: Pseudoscorpionida) from caves in Ohio and Indiana, U.S.A.. Transactions of the American Microscopical Society 113: 316–324. -- Show included taxa

Norden, A.W. (2008). Pseudoscorpions from Plummers Island, Maryland, with the reported use of empty snail shells by arthropods. Bulletin of the Biological Society of Washington 15: 52–53. -- Show included taxa

Pearse, A.S. (1946). Notes on Chelonethida from the Duke Forest. Ecology 22: 257–258. -- Show included taxa

Roewer, C.F. (1937). Chelonethi oder Pseudoskorpione. In: Bronns, H.G. (ed.) Bronn's Klassen und Ordnungen des Tierreichs Akademische Verlagsgesellschaft M.B.H., Leipzig 5(IV)(6)(1): 161–320. -- Show included taxa

Zaragoza, J.A. (2017). Revision of the Ephippiochthonius complex in the Iberian Peninsula, Balearic Islands and Macaronesia, with proposed changes to the status of the Chthonius subgenera (Pseudoscorpiones, Chthoniidae). Zootaxa 4246: 1–221. -- Show included taxa

Date Type Reference Old value
2022-03-17 Species updated Old value
2022-03-02 New taxonomic reference entry Zaragoza, 2017
2022-03-02 Species updated Old value