Apochthonius moestus (Banks, 1891)


Original combination: Chthonius moestus

LSID urn:lsid:wac.nmbe.ch:name:669f0149-0063-45d3-b31a-cf551ce96e9f

Genus type of Apochthonius Chamberlin, 1929

Taxonomic references

Chthonius moestus

Banks, 1891: 165 original description
Banks, 1895a: 13
Coolidge, 1908: 114
Ewing, 1911: 80

Apochthonius moestus (Banks):

Chamberlin, 1929a: 67, figs 2c, 3g (in part)
Chamberlin, 1931a: n/a, figs 6a, 21f
Beier, 1932a: 41–42, figs 47–48 (in part)
Roewer, 1937: 238
Hoff, 1944b: 125, figs 1c–d
Hoff, 1945a: 105–109, figs 4–7
Pearse, 1946: 257
Hoff, 1958: 6 (in part)
Muchmore and Benedict, 1976: 69–73, figs 1–9
Rowland and Reddell, 1976: 14
Stryker and Taylor, 1977: 26
Sweeney, Taylor and Counts, 1977: 55
Taylor, Sweeney and Counts, 1977: 115
Zeh, 1987b: 1086
Harvey, 1991a: 138
Snider and Nelson, 1991: 260
Buddle, 2005: 15

Apochthonius sp. prob. moestus (Banks):

Graves and Graves, 1969: 267

Not Apochthonius moestus (Banks):

Chamberlin, 1929a: 67 (in part) (misidentification; true identification unknown)
Beier, 1930a: 202 (misidentification; true identification unknown)
Hoff, 1945i: 311–313 (misidentification; true identification unknown)
Hoff, 1949b: 434, figs 11, 15a–d (misidentification; true identification unknown)
Hoff, 1951: 4–5 (misidentification; true identification unknown)
Hoff, 1952a: 42–43 (misidentification; true identification unknown)
Hoff, 1956a: 2–4, fig. 1 (misidentification; true identification unknown)
Hoff and Bolsterli, 1956: 158–159 (misidentification; true identification unknown)
Hoff, 1958: 6 (in part) (misidentification; true identification unknown)
Hoff, 1959b: 4, etc. (misidentification; true identification unknown)
Nelson, 1975: 279–280, figs 14–17 (misidentification; true identification unknown)

Not Apochthonius (Apochthonius) moestus (Banks):

Chamberlin, 1929d: 153 (misidentification; true identification unknown)
Beier, 1932a: 41–42 (in part) (misidentification; true identification unknown)

Distribution table

Realm: Nearctic

Canada (Ontario)
US (Indiana, Illinois, Michigan, Missouri, New Mexico, New York, North Carolina, Pennsylvania, West Virginia)
Type locality: Ithaca, Tompkins County, New York, U.S.A.


Locality Lat Lon
1 Ithaca 42.433333 -76.5
Type repository
Zoobank LSID



Banks, N. (1891). Notes on North American Chernetidae. Canadian Entomologist 23: 161–166. -- Show included taxa

Banks, N. (1895a). Notes on the Pseudoscorpionida. Journal of the New York Entomological Society 3: 1–13. -- Show included taxa

Beier, M. (1930a). Die Pseudoskorpione des Wiener Naturhistorischen Museums. III. Annalen des Naturhistorischen Museums in Wien 44: 199–222. -- Show included taxa

Beier, M. (1932a). Pseudoscorpionidea I. Subord. Chthoniinea et Neobisiinea. Tierreich 57: i–xx, 1–258. -- Show included taxa

Buddle, C. (2005). A primer on pseudoscorpions and taxonomic status in Canada. Newsletter of the Biological Survey of Canada (Terrestrial Arthropods) 24: 12–16. -- Show included taxa

Chamberlin, J.C. (1929a). A synoptic classification of the false scorpions or chela-spinners, with a report on a cosmopolitan collection of the same. Part 1. The Heterosphyronida (Chthoniidae) (Arachnida-Chelonethida). Annals and Magazine of Natural History (10) 4: 50–80. -- Show included taxa

Chamberlin, J.C. (1929d). On some false scorpions of the suborder Heterosphyronida (Arachnida - Chelonethida). Canadian Entomologist 61: 152–155. -- Show included taxa

Chamberlin, J.C. (1931a). The arachnid order Chelonethida. Stanford University Publications, Biological Sciences 7(1): 1–284. -- Show included taxa

Coolidge, K.R. (1908). A list of the North American Pseudoscorpionida. Psyche, Cambridge 15: 108–114. -- Show included taxa

Ewing, H.E. (1911). Notes on pseudoscorpions; a study on the variations of our common species, Chelifer cancroides Linn., with systematic notes on other species. Journal of the New York Entomological Society 19: 65–81. -- Show included taxa

Graves, R.C. & Graves, A.C.F. (1969). Pseudoscorpions and spiders from moss, fungi, Rhododendron leaf litter, and other microcommunities in the highlands area of western North Carolina. Annals of the American Entomological Society 62: 267–269. -- Show included taxa

Harvey, M.S. (1991a). Catalogue of the Pseudoscorpionida. Manchester University Press, Manchester. -- Show included taxa

Hoff, C.C. (1944b). Notes on three pseudoscorpions from Illinois. Transactions of the Illinois Academy of Science 37: 123–128. -- Show included taxa

Hoff, C.C. (1945a). Additional notes on pseudoscorpions from Illinois. Transactions of the Illinois Academy of Science 38: 103–110. -- Show included taxa

Hoff, C.C. (1945i). Pseudoscorpions from North Carolina. Transactions of the American Microscopical Society 64: 311–327. -- Show included taxa

Hoff, C.C. (1949b). The pseudoscorpions of Illinois. Bulletin of the Illinois Natural History Survey 24: 407–498. -- Show included taxa

Hoff, C.C. (1951). New species and records of chthoniid pseudoscorpions. American Museum Novitates 1483: 1–13. -- Show included taxa

Hoff, C.C. (1952a). Some heterosphyronid pseudoscorpions from New Mexico. Great Basin Naturalist 12: 39–45. -- Show included taxa

Hoff, C.C. (1956a). The heterosphyronid pseudoscorpions of New Mexico. American Museum Novitates 1772: 1–13. -- Show included taxa

Hoff, C.C. (1958). List of the pseudoscorpions of North America north of Mexico. American Museum Novitates 1875: 1–50. -- Show included taxa

Hoff, C.C. (1959b). The ecology and distribution of the pseudoscorpions of north-central New Mexico. University of New Mexico Publications in Biology 8: 1–68. -- Show included taxa

Hoff, C.C. & Bolsterli, J.E. (1956). Pseudoscorpions of the Mississippi River drainage basin area. Transactions of the American Microscopical Society 75: 155–179. -- Show included taxa

Muchmore, W.B. & Benedict, E.M. (1976). Redescription of Apochthonius moestus (Banks), type of the genus Apochthonius Chamberlin (Pseudoscorpionida, Chthoniidae). Journal of the New York Entomological Society 84: 67–74. -- Show included taxa

Nelson, S.O., Jr (1975). A systematic study of Michigan Pseudoscorpionida (Arachnida). American Midland Naturalist 93: 257–301. -- Show included taxa

Pearse, A.S. (1946). Notes on Chelonethida from the Duke Forest. Ecology 22: 257–258. -- Show included taxa

Roewer, C.F. (1937). Chelonethi oder Pseudoskorpione. In: Bronns, H.G. (ed.) Bronn's Klassen und Ordnungen des Tierreichs Akademische Verlagsgesellschaft M.B.H., Leipzig 5(IV)(6)(1): 161–320. -- Show included taxa

Rowland, J.M. & Reddell, J.R. (1976). Annotated checklist of the arachnid fauna of Texas (excluding Acarida and Araneida). Occasional Papers of the Museum, Texas Technical University 38: 1–25. -- Show included taxa

Snider, R.J. & Nelson, S.O., Jr (1991). Michigan Pseudoscorpionida, a checklist. Michigan Academician 24: 259–263. -- Show included taxa

Stryker, S.L. & Taylor, R.W. (1977). The pseudoscorpions of West Virginia (Arachnida: Pseudoscorpionida). Proceedings of the West Virginia Academy of Sciences 49: 26–27. -- Show included taxa

Sweeney, M.P., Taylor, R.W. & Counts, C.L. III (1977). Non-cavernicolous pseudoscorpions from West Virginia. Entomological News 88: 55–56. -- Show included taxa

Taylor, R.W., Sweeney, M.P. & Counts, C.L. III (1977). Use of empty gastropod shells (Polygyridae) by pseudoscorpions. Nautilus 91: 115. -- Show included taxa

Zeh, D.W. (1987b). Aggression, density, and sexual dimorphism in chernetid pseudoscorpions (Arachnida: Pseudoscorpionida). Evolution 41: 1072–1087. -- Show included taxa


No logging data available so far.