Galeodes arabs C.L. Koch, 1842

SPECIES |   ACCEPTED

Original combination: Galeodes arabs

LSID urn:lsid:wac.nmbe.ch:name:a830dd33-d38a-405c-8b8c-ce1c61f61f8f


Taxonomic references

Galeodes araneoides (Pallas):

Olivier, 1807: 307, plate 42 fig. 3
Latreille, 1818b: 11, plate 341
Blanchard, 1852: 25, ? (not seen) (misidentifications)

Solpuga araneoides (Pallas):

Audouin, 1826: 176–178, fig. 7
Audouin, 1829: 416–419, fig. 7 (misidentifications)

Galeodes arabs

Koch, 1842: 353
Koch, 1847: 85–86, fig. 1476
Koch, 1850: 97
Koch, 1878: 38
105, Simon, 1879x (reference missing)
Bernard, 1894c: n/a, fig. 2
Pocock, 1895a: 77 (in part; see Galeodes graecus (C.L. Koch)
Pocock, 1895b: 446–447
Bernard, 1896: 307, plate XXVII figs 5, 11, plate XXVIII fig. 15, plate XXX fig. 11, plate XXXI figs 6, 10, 16–18, plate XXXII figs 18–19, plate XXXIV fig. 10
Pavesi, 1897b: 158
Pocock, 1897b: 392
Kraepelin, 1899b: 202–203
Kraepelin, 1899c: 376
Kraepelin, 1901a: 21
Pocock, 1902a: 239, fig. 27
Kraepelin, 1903: 571–572
Birula, 1905b: 253
Tullgren, 1907a: 1
Birula, 1908a: 149–150
Birula, 1909: 520–521
Simon, 1909b: 42
Hirst, 1911a: 220, fig. 1
Werner, 1911: 192, figs 29, 35
Buxton, 1913: 249, fig. 34b
Lampe, 1918: 207
Birula, 1925: 192–200, figs 1, 3a, 4a, 5a, 6a
Loveridge, 1925: 309
Birula, 1926: 179, 181–183
Caporiacco, 1927: 60 (in part, see Galeodila somalica Caporiacco)
Borelli, 1930: 219
Caporiacco, 1932b: 406
Roewer, 1933: n/a, figs 176–177, 192
Roewer, 1934: 532
Savory, 1935: n/a, figs 53, 58, 66, plate VII
Caporiacco, 1936a: 98
Fage in Fage and Simon, 1936: 309–310
Birula, 1938: n/a, fig. 74a
Warren, 1939a: 167–168, figs 1g-k, 8(6, 13–14)
Warren, 1939b: n/a, fig. 9(3)
Caporiacco, 1941: 42
Moriggi, 1941: 286–287
Roewer, 1941: 161
Caporiacco, 1944: 95
Zilch, 1946: 142
Millot and Vachon, 1949: n/a, figs 242, 272
Vachon, 1950: 106
Lawrence, 1954a: 120
Petrunkevitch, 1955a: n/a, fig. 111
Kästner, 1956: n/a, fig. 588
Vachon, 1958b: 477–480, figs 1–7
Benoit, 1964: 97
Levy and Shulov, 1964: 109
Savory, 1964a: n/a, figs 34, 89, 94
Cloudsley-Thompson, 1968: 108, 110, 112, 114, 115, fig. 23
Kaestner, 1968: 224, fig. 12–9
Kaestner, 1969: n/a, fig. 617
Cloudsley-Thompson, 1977: 65
Savory, 1977: n/a, figs 94, 99, 104
Moritz and Fischer, 1980: 140
Bauchhenss, 1983: 129, fig. 8
Barnes, 1987: n/a, fig. 13–44
Vanni, Bartolozzi and Whitman-Mascherini, 1988: 375
Brusca and Brusca, 1990: n/a, fig. 4h
Alroth, 1992: n/a, fig. 1
Ruppert and Barnes, 1994: n/a, fig. 13–39a
Selden and Dunlop, 1998: n/a, fig. 7.1
Ax, 2001: n/a, fig. 56a
Beatty, 2002: 14
Harvey, 2003c: 256–257
Mizhir, 2022: 851, fig. 6

Galeodes graecus C.L. Koch:

100 (in part) Simon, 1879x (reference missing)

Rhax arabs (Olivier):

123, Simon, 1879x (reference missing)

Zerbina gracilis (C.L. Koch):

Karsch, 1880a: 233, figs 17, 17a–b

Zerbina (Gluvia) gracilis (C.L. Koch):

Putnam, 1883: 268

Galeodes (Galeodes) arabs C.L. Koch:

Birula, 1914: 662

Not Galeodes arabs C.L. Koch:

Butler, 1873d: 418 (misidentification, see Galeodes araneoides (Pallas))
Cloudsley-Thompson, 1961a: 145–152, figs 1–3 (misidentification; see Galeodes granti Pocock)
Cloudsley-Thompson, 1961b: 257–263, figs 1–3 (misidentification; see Galeodes granti Pocock)
Cloudsley-Thompson, 1964a: 453 (misidentification; see Galeodes granti Pocock)


Synonyms
Gluvia gracilis C.L. Koch, 1842 -- synonymised by Kraepelin, 1901a: 21 synonymised by Reference missing
LSID urn:lsid:wac.nmbe.ch:name:ef9fc0eb-5b63-41d2-a514-53fee6b0eb67
Gluvia gracilis
Koch, 1842: 355 original description
Koch, 1847: 97–98, fig. 1485
Koch, 1850: 97
Butler, 1873d: 424
144 (synonymised by Kraepelin, 1901a: 21) Simon, 1879x (reference missing)
Galeodes lucasii Dufour, 1861 -- synonymised by Simon, 1879a: 99
LSID urn:lsid:wac.nmbe.ch:name:a9189440-ea50-4076-b3d1-1ae3a5e38ce2
Galeodes lucasii
Dufour, 1861: 385–388, plate 2 fig. 5 original description
Butler, 1873d: 420 (synonymised by Simon, 1879a: 99)
Distribution
Distribution table
Algeria
Djibouti
Egypt
Ethiopia
Iran
Iraq
Israel
Kenya
Libya
Morocco
Niger
Oman
Saudi Arabia
Somalia
Sudan
Syria
Tunisia
Turkey
Yemen
Type locality: Arabia.

Coordinates

Locality Lat Lon
1 Arabia (IMPRECISE) 24 46
Type repository
  • Syntypes: several (ZMB 169)
Zoobank LSID

urn:lsid:zoobank.org:act:49AFB43E-6CE3-4A5C-961D-C04C605DBB92

References

Alroth, G. (1992). Solifugae - den bortglömda djurgruppen. Entomologisk Tidskrift 113: 44–46. -- Show included taxa

Audouin, V. (1826). Explication sommaire des planches arachnides de l'Égypte et de la Syrie. In: Description de l'Égypte ou recueil des observations et des recherches qui ont été faites en Égypte pendant l'expédition de l'armée française C.L.F. Panckoucke, Paris 1(4): 99–186. [1st edition] -- Show included taxa

Audouin, V. (1829). Explication sommaire des planches d'arachnides de l'Égypte et de la Syrie. In: Description de l'Égypte ou recueil des observations et des recherches qui ont été faites en Égypte pendant l'expédition de l'armée française C.L.F. Panckoucke, Paris 22: 291–430. [2nd edition] -- Show included taxa

Ax, P. (2001). Multicellular animals: the phylogenetic system of the Metazoa. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg, New York II. -- Show included taxa

Barnes, R.D. (1987). Invertebrate zoology. Saunders College Publishing, Philadelphia, etc.. [fifth edition] -- Show included taxa

Bauchhenss, E. (1983). Morphology and ultrastructure of sensilla ampullacea in Solifugae (Chelicerata, Arachnida). International Journal of Insect Morphology and Embryology 12: 129–138. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/0020-7322(83)90005-3 -- Show included taxa

Beatty, J.A. (2002). Chelicerates on postage stamps. Newsletter of the British Arachnological Society 94: 13–15. -- Show included taxa

Benoit, P.L.G. (1964). Contribution à l'étude des Solifuges du Soudan. Annals of the Natal Museum 16: 91–98. -- Show included taxa

Bernard, H.M. (1894c). Lateral eyes in the Galeodidae. Annals and Magazine of Natural History (6) 13: 517–520. -- Show included taxa

Bernard, H.M. (1896). The comparative morphology of the Galeodidae. Transactions of the Linnean Society of London, Zoology (2) 6: 305–417. doi: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1096-3642.1896.tb00393a.x -- Show included taxa

Birula, A. (1905b). Beiträge zur Kenntnis der Solifugen-Fauna Persiens. Bulletin de l'Académie Impériale des Sciences de St-Pétersbourg (5) 22: 247–286. -- Show included taxa

Birula, A. (1908a). Bemerkungen über die Ordnung der Solifugen. VI. Beschreibung der weiblichen Gluviopsis nigrocincta Bir.. Annuaire du Musée Zoologique de l'Académie Impériale des Sciences de St.-Pétersbourg 13: 332–335. -- Show included taxa

Birula, A. (1909). Scorpione und Solifugen von Tripolis und Barka. Nach der Sammlung von Dr. Bruno Klaptocz im Jahre 1906. Zoologische Jahrbücher, Abteilung für Systematik, Geographie und Biologie der Tiere 28: 505–522. -- Show included taxa

Birula, A. (1914). Ergebnisse einer von Prof. Franz Werner im Sommer 1910 mit Unterstützung aus dem Legate Wedl ausgeführten zoologischen Forschungsreise nach Algerien. VI. Skorpione und Solifugae.. Sitzungsberichte der Mathematischen-Naturwissenschaftlichen Classe der Königlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Wien 123: 633–668. -- Show included taxa

Birula, A. (1925). A note on some differential characters between Galeodes arabs, C. Koch, and allied species.. Annals and Magazine of Natural History (9) 15: 192–200. -- Show included taxa

Birula, A. (1926). On some species of the Solifugae from British East Africa and the various countries of North-East Africa. Annuaire du Musée Zoologique de l'Academie des Sciences de l'URSS 27: 175–218. -- Show included taxa

Birula, A. (1938). Arachnides, Ordo Solifuga. In: Faune de l'URSS L'Académie des Sciences de l'URSS, Moscow, Leningrad 1(3): i–vii, 1–173. -- Show included taxa

Blanchard, E. (1852). Arachnides. In: L'organisation du règne animal E. Blanchard, Paris 2. [2nd edition] -- Show included taxa

Borelli, A. (1930). Spedizione del Barone Raimondo Franchetti in Dancalia. Scorpioni e Solifughi. Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Genova 55: 218–219. -- Show included taxa

Brusca, R.C. & Brusca, G.J. (1990). Invertebrates. Sinauer Associates, Sunderland, Ma.. -- Show included taxa

Butler, A.G. (1873d). List of the species of Galeodides, with description of a new species in the collection of the British Museum. Transactions of the Entomological Society of London 1873: 415–425. -- Show included taxa

Buxton, B.H. (1913). Coxal glands of the arachnids. Zoologische Jahrbücher, Abteilung für Systematik, Geographie und Biologie der Tiere 15: 231–282. -- Show included taxa

Caporiacco, L. di (1927). Scorpioni e Solifugi raccolti in Somalia dai prof. Stefanini e Puccioni nel 1924. Monitore Zoologico Italiano 38: 58–62. -- Show included taxa

Caporiacco, L. di (1932b). Spedizione scientifica all'oasi di Cufra (Marzo-Luglio 1931). Scorpioni e Solifugi. Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Genova 55: 395–408. -- Show included taxa

Caporiacco, L. di (1936a). Aracnidi raccolti durante le primavera 1933 nelle oasi del deserto Libico. Memorie della Società Entomologica Italiana 15: 93–122. -- Show included taxa

Caporiacco, L. di (1941). Arachnida. In: Zavattari, E. (ed.) Missione Biologica Sagan-Omo, Zoologia Reale Accademia d'Italia, Roma 6: 21–175. -- Show included taxa

Caporiacco, L. di (1944). Su alcuni Solifugi Somali. Monitore Zoologico Italiano 54: 91–96. -- Show included taxa

Cloudsley-Thompson, J.L. (1961a). Observations on the natural history of the 'camel-spider', Galeodes arabs C.L. Koch (Solifugae: Galeodidae) in the Sudan. Entomologist's Monthly Magazine 97: 145–152. -- Show included taxa

Cloudsley-Thompson, J.L. (1961b). Some aspects of the physiology and behaviour of Galeodes arabs. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata 4: 257–263. -- Show included taxa

Cloudsley-Thompson, J.L. (1964a). Terrestrial animals in dry heat: arthropods. In: Handbook of Physiology - Section 4- Adaptation to the Environment American Physiological Society, Washington, DC: 451–465. -- Show included taxa

Cloudsley-Thompson, J.L. (1968). Spiders, scorpions, centipedes and mites. Pergamon Press, Oxford. [revised edition] -- Show included taxa

Cloudsley-Thompson, J.L. (1977). Adaptational biology of Solifugae (Solpugida). Bulletin of the British Arachnological Society 4: 61–71. -- Show included taxa

Dufour, L. (1861). Anatomie, physiologie et histoire naturelle des Galéodes. Mémoires Présentés par divers Savants à l'Académie des Sciences de l'Institut Impérial de France (Sciences Mathématiques et Physiques) 17: 338–446. -- Show included taxa

Fage, L. & Simon, E. (1936). Mission Scientifique de l'Omo, Tome III. - Fascicule 30. Arachnida III. Pedipalpi, Scorpiones, Solifuga et Araneae (1re partie).. Mémoires du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris 4: 293–340. -- Show included taxa

Harvey, M.S. (2003c). Catalogue of the smaller arachnid orders of the world: Amblypygi, Uropygi, Schizomida, Palpigradi, Ricinulei and Solifugae. CSIRO Publishing, Melbourne. -- Show included taxa

Hirst, S. (1911a). Scorpions and Solifugae collected by Captain S.S. Flower in the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan. Annals and Magazine of Natural History (8) 7: 217–222. -- Show included taxa

Kaestner, A. (1968). Arthropod relatives, Chelicerata, Myriapoda. In: Invertebrate zoology John Wiley & Sons, New York 2. -- Show included taxa

Kaestner, A. (1969). Wirbellose. In: Lehrbuch der Speziellen Zoologie Gustav Fischer, Stuttgart 1. [3rd edition] -- Show included taxa

Karsch, F. (1880a). Zur Kenntniss der Galeodiden. Archiv für Naturgeschichte 46: 228–243. -- Show included taxa

Kästner, A. (1956). Wirbellose. In: Lehrbuch der Speziellen Zoologie Gustav Fischer, Jena 1(3): 485–658. -- Show included taxa

Koch, C.L. (1842). Systematische Uebersicht über die familie der Galeoden. Archiv für Naturgeschichte 8: 350–356. -- Show included taxa

Koch, C.L. (1847). Die Arachniden. Getreu nach der Natur Abgebildet und Beschrieben. J.L. Lotzbeck, Nürnberg 15. -- Show included taxa

Koch, C.L. (1850). Übersicht des Arachnidensystems. J.L. Lotzbeck, Nürnberg 5. -- Show included taxa

Koch, L. (1878). Kaukasische Arachnoideen. In: Schneider, O. (ed.) Naturwissenschaftliche Beiträge zur Kenntnis der Kaukasusländer Burdach'schen, Dresden: 36–71. -- Show included taxa

Kraepelin, K. (1899b). Zur Systematik der Solifugen. Mitteilungen aus dem Naturhistorischen Museum in Hamburg 16: 197–259. -- Show included taxa

Kraepelin, K. (1899c). Catalogue des Solifuges (?) des collections du Muséum d'histoire Naturelle de Paris. Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris 5: 376–378. -- Show included taxa

Kraepelin, K. (1901a). Palpigradi und Solifugae. Tierreich 12: i–xi, 1–159. -- Show included taxa

Kraepelin, K. (1903). Scorpione u. Solifugen Nordost-Afrikas, gesammelt 1900 und 1901 von Carlo Freiherrn von Erlanger und Oscar Neumann.. Zoologische Jahrbücher, Abtheilung für Systematik, Geographie und Biologie der Thiere 18: 557–578. -- Show included taxa

Lampe, E. (1918). Katalog der Skorpione, Pedipalpen und Solifugen des Naturhistorischen Museums in der Residenzstadt Wiesbaden. Jahrbücher des Nassauischen Vereins für Naturkunde 70: 185–208. -- Show included taxa

Latreille, P.A. (1818b). Tableau encyclopédique et méthodique des trois règnes de la nature. V. Agasse, Paris 24. -- Show included taxa

Lawrence, R.F. (1954a). Some Solifugae in the collection of the British Museum (Natural History). Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 124: 111–124. -- Show included taxa

Levy, G. & Shulov, A. (1964). The Solifuga of Israel. Israel Journal of Zoology 13: 102–120. -- Show included taxa

Loveridge, A. (1925). Notes on East African scorpions and Solifugae, collected 1916–1923. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1925: 303–309. -- Show included taxa

Millot, J. & Vachon, M. (1949). Ordre des Solifuges. In: Grassé, P.-P. (ed.) Traité de zoologie Masson, Paris 6: 482–519. -- Show included taxa

Moriggi, M. (1941). Le Solpughe dell'Africa Orientale italiana. Rivista di Biologia Coloniale, Roma 4: 273–291. -- Show included taxa

Moritz, M. & Fischer, S.-C. (1980). Die Typen der Arachniden-Sammlung des Zoologischen Museums Berlin. II. Uropygi, Amblypygi, Schizomida, Ricinulei, Solifuga. Mitteilung aus dem Zoologischen Museum in Berlin 56: 137–154. -- Show included taxa

Olivier, G.A. (1807). Voyage dans l'Empire Othoman, l'Égypte et la Perse, fait par ordre du governement, pendant les six premières années de la République. Henri Agasse, Paris 3. -- Show included taxa

Pavesi, P. (1897b). Aracnidi di Somali e Galla. Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Genova 38: 151–188. -- Show included taxa

Petrunkevitch, A. (1955a). Arachnida. In: Moore, R.C. (ed.) Treatise on invertebrate paleontology. P, Arthropoda University of Kansas Press, Lawrence 2: 42–162. -- Show included taxa

Pocock, R.I. (1895a). Notes on some of the Solifugae contained in the collection of the British Museum, with descriptions of new species. Annals and Magazine of Natural History (6) 16: 74–98. -- Show included taxa

Pocock, R.I. (1895b). On the species of Galeodidae inhabiting India and Ceylon. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 9: 438–452. -- Show included taxa

Pocock, R.I. (1897b). Solifugae, Scorpiones, Chilopoda and Diplopoda. In: Smith, A.D. (ed.) Through unknown African countries E. Arnold, London: 392–407. -- Show included taxa

Pocock, R.I. (1902a). Studies on the arachnid entosternite. Quarterly Journal of Microscopical Science (new series) 46: 225–262. -- Show included taxa

Putnam, J.D. (1883). The Solpugidae of America. Papers of J. Duncan Putnam, arranged for publication by Herbert Osborn.. Proceedings of the Davenport Academy of Natural Sciences 3: 249–310. -- Show included taxa

Roewer, C.F. (1933). Solifugae, Palpigradi. In: Bronn's Klassen und Ordnungen des Tierreichs. 5: Arthropoda. IV: Arachnoidea Akademische Verlagsgesellschaft M.B.H., Leipzig 5(IV)(4)(2–3): 161–480. -- Show included taxa

Roewer, C.F. (1934). Solifugae, Palpigradi. In: Bronn's Klassen und Ordnungen des Tierreichs. 5: Arthropoda. IV: Arachnoidea Akademische Verlagsgesellschaft M.B.H., Leipzig 5(IV)(4)(4–5): 481–723. -- Show included taxa

Roewer, C.F. (1941). Solifugen 1934–1940. Veröffentlichungen des Deutschen Kolonial Ubersee-Museums, Bremen 3: 97–192. -- Show included taxa

Ruppert, E.E. & Barnes, R.D. (1994). Invertebrate zoology. Saunders College Publishers, Fort Worth, etc.. [Sixth edition] -- Show included taxa

Savory, T.H. (1935). The Arachnida. Edward Arnold and Co., London. -- Show included taxa

Savory, T.H. (1964a). Arachnida. Academic Press, London. -- Show included taxa

Savory, T.H. (1977). Arachnida. Academic Press, London. [2nd edition] -- Show included taxa

Selden, P.A. & Dunlop, J.A. (1998). Fossil taxa and relationships of Chelicerata. In: Edgecombe, G. (ed.) Arthropod fossils and phylogeny Columbia University Press, New York: 303–331. -- Show included taxa

Simon, E. (1879a). Les Ordres des Chernetes, Scorpiones et Opiliones. In: Les Arachnides de France Librairie Encyclopédique de Roret, Paris 7: 1–332. -- Show included taxa

Simon, E. (1909b). Voyage de M. Maurice de Rothschild en Ethiopie et dans l'Afrique orientale anglaise (1904–1906).. Annales de la Société Entomologique de Belgique 53: 29–43. -- Show included taxa

Tullgren, A. (1907a). Zur Kenntnis aussereuropäischer Chelonethiden des Naturhistorischen Museums in Hamburg. Mitteilungen aus dem Naturhistorischen Museum in Hamburg 24: 21–75. -- Show included taxa

Vachon, M. (1950). Contribution a l'étude de l'Aïr (Mission L. Chopard et A. Villiers). Scorpions, Pseudoscorpions et Solifuges.. Mémoires de l'Institut Français d'Afrique Noire 10: 93–107. -- Show included taxa

Vachon, M. (1958b). La larve de Galeodes arabs C.L. K. (Arachnide, Solifuge). Comptes Rendus Hebdomadaires des Séances de l'Académie des Sciences, Paris 245: 477–480. -- Show included taxa

Vanni, S., Bartolozzi, L. & Whitman-Mascherini, S. (1988). Cataloghi del Museo Zoologico "La Specola" (Sezione del Museo di Storia Naturale) dell'Universita di Firenze. VI. Arachnida Solifugae e Amblypygi: tipi. Atti della Società Toscana di Scienze Naturali, Memorie, B 94: 373–377. -- Show included taxa

Warren, E. (1939a). On the genital system of certain Solifugae. Annals of the Natal Museum 9: 139–172. -- Show included taxa

Warren, E. (1939b). The genital system of Hypoctonus formosus (Butler) (Thelyphonidae). Annals of the Natal Museum 9: 307–344. -- Show included taxa

Werner, F. (1911). Scorpions and annulated spiders of the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan. In: Balfour, A. (ed.) Fourth report of the Wellcome Tropical Research Laboratories at the Gordon Memorial College Khartoum Department of Education, Sudan Government, Khartoum 4B: 179–194. -- Show included taxa

Zilch, A. (1946). Katalog der Solifugen (Arach.) des Senckenberg-Museums. Senckenbergiana 27: 119–154. -- Show included taxa

Mizhir, A.H. (2022). Recording some spider species in Al- Najaf, Iraq. Caspian Journal of Environmental Sciences 20(4): 849-853. -- Show included taxa

Logs
Date Type Reference Old value
2022-09-08 New taxonomic reference entry Mizhir, 2022