Americhernes oblongus (Say, 1821)

SPECIES |   ACCEPTED

Original combination: Chelifer oblongus

LSID urn:lsid:wac.nmbe.ch:name:6fa35091-484a-4275-810a-05811e31e15a


Genus type of Americhernes Muchmore, 1976

Taxonomic references

Chelifer oblongus

Say, 1821: 64 original description

Chernes oblongus (Say):

Hagen, 1868b: 51
Banks, 1890: 152
Hagen, 1870: 268

Chelanops oblongus (Say):

Banks, 1895a: 5
Banks, 1904a: 140
Berger, 1905: 407–417, fig. 1, plate 28
Banks, 1907: 746
Banks, 1908a: 39
Banks, 1908b: 4
Coolidge, 1908: 110
Banks, 1909c: 173
Banks, 1911: 638
Ewing, 1911: 79
Moles, 1914c: 192–193
Moles and Moore, 1921: 6
Myers, 1927: 291–292
Pratt, 1927: 410
Chamberlin, 1931a: 119, fig. 47s
Nester, 1932: 98
Roewer, 1937: n/a, fig. 185
Brimley, 1938: 497

Chelifer (Lamprochernes) oblongus (Say):

Ellingsen, 1910a: 368

Lamprochernes oblongus (Say):

Beier, 1932e: 84–85, fig. 103
Chamberlin, 1935b: 481
Roewer, 1937: 289
Vachon, 1940f: 3
Hoff, 1945c: 37–38
Beier, 1948b: 444, 452
Hoff, 1949b: 450–453, figs 8, 30a–b
Hoff and Bolsterli, 1956: 165–166
Hoff, 1958: 20
Hoff, 1961: 444–445
Manley, 1969: 7, fig. 7
Weygoldt, 1969a: n/a, fig. 105
Weygoldt, 1970a: 242, fig. 12b
Muchmore, 1971a: 80, 82
Weygoldt, 1971a: 14, figs 15
Nelson, 1971: 95
Nelson, 1975: 284, figs 40–43
Rowland and Reddell, 1976: 16

"New genus" oblongus (Say):

Muchmore, 1975d: n/a, fig. 6

Americhernes oblongus (Say):

Muchmore, 1976b: 153–156, figs 3–9
Dunkle, 1984: 48
Zeh, 1987b: 1084
Muchmore, 1990a: 518
Harvey, 1991a: 542
Snider and Nelson, 1991: 261
Proctor, 1993: 156
Judson, 1997b: 410–441
Poinar, Ćurčić and Cokendolpher, 1998: 86
Buddle, 2005: 15
Turienzo, Iorio and Mahnert, 2010: 559, 562
Judson, 2016: 73–74
Armas, Alegre B., Barba D., Rodríguez-Cabrera, Alayón G. and Peréz G., 2017: 219
Legg, 2019: 191


Synonyms
Chelifer alius Leidy, 1877 -- synonymised by Banks, 1893: 64
LSID urn:lsid:wac.nmbe.ch:name:50111b04-e388-4e61-aa6b-31d839de9fb1
Chelifer alius
Leidy, 1877: 261 (synonymised by Banks, 1893: 64) original description
Chernes insuetus O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1892 -- synonymised by Judson, 1997b: 410
LSID urn:lsid:wac.nmbe.ch:name:daba6165-967f-4b3e-9724-e7ea34294312
Chernes insuetus
Pickard-Cambridge, 1892: 225–226, plate C fig. 17 original description
Warburton, 1909: 438 (synonymised by Judson, 1997b: 410)
Allochernes (?) insuetus O. Pickard-Cambridge:
Beier, 1932e: 154
Roewer, 1937: 298
Chelifer communis pennsylvanicus Ellingsen, 1910 -- synonymised by Muchmore, 1991e: 81
LSID urn:lsid:wac.nmbe.ch:name:7df1eb49-0630-493e-a720-8be085a86bc0
Chelifer communis var. pennsylvanicus
Ellingsen, 1910a: 366 (synonymised by Muchmore, 1991e: 81) original description
Lustrochernes (?) pennsylvanicus (Ellingsen):
Beier, 1932e: 95
Roewer, 1937: 290
Lustrochernes pennsylvanicus (Ellingsen):
Hoff and Bolsterli, 1956: 167–168 (in part; see Lustrochernes carolinensis Muchmore)
Hoff, 1958: 21 (in part; see Lustrochernes carolinensis Muchmore)
Weygoldt, 1969a: n/a, fig. 105 (in part; see Lustrochernes carolinensis Muchmore)
Weygoldt, 1970a: 242, figs 8a–e, 12a
Weygoldt, 1971a: 14, fig. 14
Muchmore, 1990a: 519
Proctor, 1993: 156 (in part; see Lustrochernes carolinensis Muchmore)
Harvey, 1991a: 597 (in part; see Lustrochernes carolinensis Muchmore)
Distribution
Distribution table

Realm: Nearctic

Canada (Alberta)
Cuba
Mexico
UK (unestablished introduction)
US (Arkansas, California, Colorado, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Mississippi, Missouri, Nebraska, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Ohio, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia)
Type locality: Havana, Mason County, Illinois, U.S.A.

Coordinates

Locality Lat Lon
1 Havana 40.3 -90.066666
Type repository
    N/A
Zoobank LSID

urn:lsid:zoobank.org:act:5934A83A-58AA-40EA-9A81-7103BD6BD211

References

Banks, N. (1890). A new pseudoscorpion. Canadian Entomologist 22: 152. -- Show included taxa

Banks, N. (1893). New Chernetidae from the United States. Canadian Entomologist 25: 64–67. -- Show included taxa

Banks, N. (1895a). Notes on the Pseudoscorpionida. Journal of the New York Entomological Society 3: 1–13. -- Show included taxa

Banks, N. (1904a). The Arachnida of Florida. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia 56: 120–147. -- Show included taxa

Banks, N. (1907). A preliminary list of the Arachnidae of Indiana, with keys to families and genera of spiders. Annual Report of the Geological Survey of Indiana 31: 715–747. -- Show included taxa

Banks, N. (1908a). The pseudoscorpions of Texas. Bulletin of the Wisconsin Natural History Society 6: 39–42. -- Show included taxa

Banks, N. (1908b). Fauna of New England. 10. List of the Phalangida, Pseudoscorpionida, and Acarina. Proceedings of the Boston Society of Natural History 7: 1–20. -- Show included taxa

Banks, N. (1909c). Arachnida of Cuba. Report, Estación Central Agronómica de Cuba 2: 150–174. -- Show included taxa

Banks, N. (1911). The pseudoscorpions of California. Journal of Entomology, Pomona College 3: 633–640. -- Show included taxa

Beier, M. (1932e). Pseudoscorpionidea II. Subord. C. Cheliferinea. Tierreich 58: i–xxi, 1–294. -- Show included taxa

Beier, M. (1948b). Phoresie und Phagophilie bei Pseudoscorpionen. Österreichische Zoologische Zeitschrift 1: 441–497. -- Show included taxa

Berger, E.W. (1905). Habits and distribution of Pseudoscorpionidae, principally Chelanops oblongus, Say. Ohio Naturalist 6: 407–419. -- Show included taxa

Brimley, C.S. (1938). The insects of North Carolina. North Carolina Department of Agriculture, Raleigh. -- Show included taxa

Buddle, C. (2005). A primer on pseudoscorpions and taxonomic status in Canada. Newsletter of the Biological Survey of Canada (Terrestrial Arthropods) 24: 12–16. -- Show included taxa

Chamberlin, J.C. (1931a). The arachnid order Chelonethida. Stanford University Publications, Biological Sciences 7(1): 1–284. -- Show included taxa

Chamberlin, J.C. (1935b). Chelonethida. In: Pratt, H.S. (ed.) A manual of the common invertebrate animals (exclusive of insects) Blakiston Company, Philadelphia and Toronto: 477–481. -- Show included taxa

Coolidge, K.R. (1908). A list of the North American Pseudoscorpionida. Psyche, Cambridge 15: 108–114. -- Show included taxa

Dunkle, S.W. (1984). First record of pseudoscorpions phoretic on dragonflies. Notulae Odonatologicae 2: 48. -- Show included taxa

Ellingsen, E. (1910a). Die Pseudoskorpione des Berliner Museums. Mitteilung aus dem Zoologischen Museum in Berlin 4: 357–423. -- Show included taxa

Ewing, H.E. (1911). Notes on pseudoscorpions; a study on the variations of our common species, Chelifer cancroides Linn., with systematic notes on other species. Journal of the New York Entomological Society 19: 65–81. -- Show included taxa

Hagen, H. (1868b). The American pseudo-scorpions. Record of American Entomology for the Year 1868: 48–52. -- Show included taxa

Hagen, H. (1870). Synopsis pseudoscorpionidum synonymica. Proceedings of the Boston Society of Natural History 13: 263–272. -- Show included taxa

Harvey, M.S. (1991a). Catalogue of the Pseudoscorpionida. Manchester University Press, Manchester. -- Show included taxa

Hoff, C.C. (1945c). New species and records of pseudoscorpions from Arkansas. Transactions of the American Microscopical Society 64: 34–57. -- Show included taxa

Hoff, C.C. (1949b). The pseudoscorpions of Illinois. Bulletin of the Illinois Natural History Survey 24: 407–498. -- Show included taxa

Hoff, C.C. (1958). List of the pseudoscorpions of North America north of Mexico. American Museum Novitates 1875: 1–50. -- Show included taxa

Hoff, C.C. (1961). Pseudoscorpions from Colorado. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 122: 409–464. -- Show included taxa

Hoff, C.C. & Bolsterli, J.E. (1956). Pseudoscorpions of the Mississippi River drainage basin area. Transactions of the American Microscopical Society 75: 155–179. -- Show included taxa

Judson, M.L.I. (1997b). Synonymy of the pseudoscorpion Chernes insuetus with Americhernes oblongus (Chelonethi, Chernetidae): an unestablished introduction to Britain. Journal of Arachnology 25: 410–411. -- Show included taxa

Judson, M.L.I. (2016). Pseudoscorpions (Arachnida, Chelonethi) in Mexican amber, with a list of extant species associated with mangrove and Hymenaea trees in Chiapas. Boletin de la Sociedad Geologica Mexicana 68: 57–79. -- Show included taxa

Leidy, [J.] (1877). Remarks on the Seventeen-year Locust, the Hessian Fly, and a Chelifer. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia 1877: 260–261. -- Show included taxa

Manley, G.V. (1969). A pictorial key and annotated list of Michigan pseudoscorpions (Arachnida: Pseudoscorpionida). Michigan Entomologist 2: 2–13. -- Show included taxa

Moles, M. & Moore, W. (1921). A list of California Arachnida. I. Pseudoscorpionida. Journal of Entomology and Zoology, Pomona College 13: 6–9. -- Show included taxa

Moles, M.L. (1914c). Pseudoscorpions in the Claremont-Laguna region. Journal of Entomology and Zoology, Pomona College 6: 187–197. -- Show included taxa

Muchmore, W.B. (1971a). Phoresy by North and Central American pseudoscorpions. Proceedings of the Rochester Academy of Science 12: 79–97. -- Show included taxa

Muchmore, W.B. (1975d). Use of the spermathecae in the taxonomy of chernetid pseudoscorpions. In: Proceedings of the 6th International Arachnological Congress Vrije Universiteit of Amsterdam, Amsterdam: 17–20. -- Show included taxa

Muchmore, W.B. (1976b). Pseudoscorpions from Florida and the Caribbean area. 5. Americhernes, a new genus based upon Chelifer oblongus Say (Chernetidae). Florida Entomologist 59: 151–163. -- Show included taxa

Muchmore, W.B. (1990a). Pseudoscorpionida. In: Dindal, D.L. (ed.) Soil biology guide John Wiley and Sons, New York: 503–527. -- Show included taxa

Muchmore, W.B. (1991e). The identity of Chelifer communis var. pennsylvanicus and description of a new species of Lustrochernes (Pseudoscorpionida: Chernetidae). Entomological News 102: 79–89. -- Show included taxa

Myers, J.G. (1927). Ethological observations on some Pyrrhocoridae of Cuba. Annals of the Entomological Society of America 20: 279–300. -- Show included taxa

Nelson, S.O., Jr (1971). Phoresy by pseudoscorpions. Michigan Entomologist 4: 95–96. -- Show included taxa

Nelson, S.O., Jr (1975). A systematic study of Michigan Pseudoscorpionida (Arachnida). American Midland Naturalist 93: 257–301. -- Show included taxa

Nester, H.G. (1932). Some cytoplasmic structures in the male reproductive cells of a pseudoscorpion (Chelanops corticis). Journal of Morphology 53: 97–131. -- Show included taxa

Pickard-Cambridge, O. (1892). On the British species of false-scorpions. Proceedings of the Dorset Natural History and Antiquarian Field Club and Archaeological Society 13: 199–231. -- Show included taxa

Poinar, G.O., Jr, Ćurčić, B.P.M. & Cokendolpher, J.C. (1998). Arthropod phoresy involving pseudoscorpions in the past and present. Acta Arachnologica 47: 79–96. -- Show included taxa

Pratt, H.S. (1927). A manual of the common invertebrate animals exclusive of insects. A.C. McClurg and Co., Chicago. -- Show included taxa

Proctor, H.C. (1993). Mating biology resolves trichotomy for cheliferoid pseudoscorpions (Pseudoscorpionida, Cheliferoidea). Journal of Arachnology 21: 156–158. -- Show included taxa

Roewer, C.F. (1937). Chelonethi oder Pseudoskorpione. In: Bronns, H.G. (ed.) Bronn's Klassen und Ordnungen des Tierreichs Akademische Verlagsgesellschaft M.B.H., Leipzig 5(IV)(6)(1): 161–320. -- Show included taxa

Rowland, J.M. & Reddell, J.R. (1976). Annotated checklist of the arachnid fauna of Texas (excluding Acarida and Araneida). Occasional Papers of the Museum, Texas Technical University 38: 1–25. -- Show included taxa

Say, T. (1821). An account of the Arachnides of the United States. Journal of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia 2: 59–82. -- Show included taxa

Snider, R.J. & Nelson, S.O., Jr (1991). Michigan Pseudoscorpionida, a checklist. Michigan Academician 24: 259–263. -- Show included taxa

Turienzo, P., Iorio, O. di & Mahnert, V. (2010). Global checklist of pseudoscorpions (Arachnida) found in birds’ nests. Revue Suisse de Zoologie 117: 557–598. -- Show included taxa

Vachon, M. (1940f). Remarques sur la phóresie des Pseudoscorpions. Annales de la Société Entomologique de France 109: 1–18. -- Show included taxa

Warburton, C. (1909). Arachnida Embolobranchiata (scorpions, spiders, mites, etc.). In: Harmer, S.F. and Shipley, A.E. (ed.) The Cambridge natural history MacMillan and Co., London 4: 297–474. -- Show included taxa

Weygoldt, P. (1969a). The biology of pseudoscorpions. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts. -- Show included taxa

Weygoldt, P. (1970a). Vergleichende Untersuchungen zur Fortpflanzungsbiologie der Pseudoscorpione II. Zeitschrift für die Zoologische Systematik und Evolutionforschung 8: 241–259. -- Show included taxa

Weygoldt, P. (1971a). Vergleichend-embryologische Untersuchungen an Pseudoscorpionen V. Das Embryonalstadium mit seinem Pumporgan bei verschiedenen Arten und sein Wert als taxonomisches Merkmal.. Zeitschrift für die Zoologische Systematik und Evolutionforschung 9: 3–29. -- Show included taxa

Zeh, D.W. (1987b). Aggression, density, and sexual dimorphism in chernetid pseudoscorpions (Arachnida: Pseudoscorpionida). Evolution 41: 1072–1087. -- Show included taxa

Armas, L.F. de, Alegre B., A., Barba D., R.A., Rodríguez-Cabrera, T.M., Alayón G., G. & Peréz G., A. (2017). Arácnidos. In: C. A. Mancina and D. D. Cruz F. Diversidad biológica de Cuba: métodos de inventario, monitoreo y colecciones biológicas Editorial AMA: La Habana: 196–223. -- Show included taxa

Legg, G. (2019). Changes in the British pseudoscorpion fauna over the last 50 years. Arachnology 18: 189–195. -- Show included taxa

Logs
Date Type Reference Old value
2022-09-26 New taxonomic reference entry Legg, 2019
2022-09-26 New taxonomic reference entry Armas, Alegre B., Barba D., Rodríguez-Cabrera, Alayón G. and Peréz G., 2017
2022-09-26 Taxonomic reference update