Cheiridium museorum (Leach, 1817)

SPECIES |   ACCEPTED

Original combination: Chelifer museorum

LSID urn:lsid:wac.nmbe.ch:name:3e54846d-d85a-4b3d-be7c-0964aeda36bc


Genus type of Cheiridium Menge, 1855

Taxonomic references

Phalangium cancroides (Linnaeus):

Shaw and Nodder, 1791: n/a, no pagination (misidentification)
Shaw, 1806: 474–475, fig. 27 (misidentification)

Chelifer museorum

Leach, 1817: 50, plate 142 fig. 4 original description
Templeton, 1836: 14 (as Chélifer musaeòrum [sic])
Lucas, 1840: 453 (as Chelifer muscorum [sic])
Koch, 1843: 43–44, fig. 781
Gervais, 1844: 78 (as Chelifer muscorum [sic])
Holmberg, 1876: 28

Cheiridium museorum (Leach):

Menge, 1855: 36–38, plate 1 figs 1, 18, 24, plate 3 figs 4–5, 16–18, plate 4 fig. 11
Hagen, 1870: 264
Koch, 1873: 2–3
Ritsema, 1874: xxxiii (as Cheiridium musaeorum [sic])
Stecker, 1874a: 232
Stecker, 1875d: 87–88
Pavesi, 1876: 73–74
Dale, 1878: 325
Pavesi, 1878: 362
Simon, 1878a: 152
Simon, 1879a: 43–44, plate 18 figs 19–20 (as Chiridium [sic] museorum)
Daday, 1880a: 192 (as Cheiridium musearum [sic])
Tömösváry, 1883: 210–211, plate 2 figs 16–18
Canestrini, 1884: n/a, no. 7
Becker, 1884: cclxiv (as Chiridium [sic] museorum)
Hansen, 1885a: 535–536 (as Chiridium [sic] museorum)
Pickard-Cambridge, 1886: 45
Daday, 1889a: 125, 181
Pickard-Cambridge, 1889: 111
Pickard-Cambridge, 1892: 230–231, plate C fig. 21 (as Chiridium [sic] museorum)
Lameere, 1895: 475
Becker, 1896: 331–332 (as Chiridium [sic] museorum)
Pocock, 1896c: 237 (as Chiridium [sic] museorum)
Tullgren, 1899a: 178–179, plate 2 figs 1–3
Evans, 1901b: 242 (as Chiridium [sic] museorum)
Godfrey, 1901b: 217 (as Chiridium [sic] museorum)
Kew, 1901b: 194–195 (as Chiridium [sic] museorum)
Kew, 1903: 298
Planet, 1905: 284, unnumbered fig. on p. 283 (as Chiridium [sic] museorum)
Tullgren, 1906a: 201, fig. 3
Ellingsen, 1907a: 167
Jackson, 1907: 7 (as Chiridium [sic] museorum)
Whyte and Whyte, 1907: 203
Butterfield, 1908: 112
Falconer, 1908: 110 (as Chiridium [sic] museorum)
Godfrey, 1908: 158
Jackson, 1908: 73 (as Chiridium [sic] museorum)
Bignotti, 1909: 62
Godfrey, 1909: 157–159
Kew, 1909a: 249
Kew, 1909b: 259
Warburton, 1909: 437, 438, fig. 226 (as Chiridium [sic] museorum)
Fernández, 1910: 410 (as Chiridium [sic] museorum)
Ellingsen, 1911c: 174
Kew, 1911a: 51, fig. 13
Lessert, 1911: 24–25 (as Chiridium [sic] museorum)
Nonidez, 1917: 26–27 (as Chiridium [sic] museorum)
Ellingsen, 1912b: 86, 104
Standen, 1912: 14–15
Ellingsen, 1914: 11
Kew, 1914: 96
Falconer, 1916: 191
Kew, 1916a: 124
Kew, 1916b: 79
Standen, 1916b: 124
Standen, 1917: 29
Daday, 1918: 2
Bristowe, 1922: 11 (as Chiridium [sic] museorum)
Chamberlin, 1924a: 38, figs a, I, t, u, w, bb
Redikorzev, 1924b: 24–25, figs 10, 11b
Navás, 1925: 111 (as Chiridium [sic] museorum)
Kästner, 1927b: n/a, figs 10, 41
Kästner, 1928: 4, figs 7, 9–10
Schenkel, 1928: 56, figs 2a–b
Väänänen, 1928a: 17, fig. 6(5) (as Chiridium [sic] museorum)
Beier, 1929a: 358
Berland, 1929: 16, fig. (as Chiridium [sic] museorum)
Bristowe, 1929a: 24 (as Chiridium [sic] museorum)
Hansen, 1930: n/a, plate 15 fig. 2a (as Chiridium [sic] museorum)
Chamberlin, 1931a: n/a, figs 10b, 15u, 20c, 29k, 33l, 38h
Chamberlin, 1932b: 137
Beier, 1932e: 8–9, figs 2, 5
Tumšs, 1934: 14, fig. 1
Redikorzev, 1935a: n/a, fig. 2
Vachon, 1935a: 330–332
Vachon, 1935j: 187
Franganillo Balboa, 1936: 155 (misidentification?) (as Chiridium [sic] museorum)
Nordberg, 1936: 48–49
Roewer, 1936: n/a, figs 43a–b, 70r
Vachon, 1936b: 140
Roewer, 1937: 277
Vachon, 1937f: 128–129
Chamberlin, 1938a: 266–268, figs 2e-f, 2l
Beier, 1939e: 311
Beier, 1939f: 197
Lohmander, 1939b: 292
Morley, 1940: 168 (as Chiridium [sic] musaeorum [sic])
Vachon, 1940a: 53–54
Savory, 1945: 180, 183–184 (as Cheiridium muscorum [sic])
Cooreman, 1946b: 7–8
Beier, 1947b: 323
Kaisila, 1947: 86
Beier, 1948b: 457, 461
Franz and Beier, 1948: 451
Kaisila, 1949b: 80–81, map 5
Redikorzev, 1949: 645–646
Vachon, 1949: n/a, fig. 199f
Beier, 1952e: 4
Beier and Franz, 1954: 457
Evans and Browning, 1954: 14–15, fig. 5
Weidner, 1954b: 109
Beier, 1956h: 24
Cloudsley-Thompson, 1956b: 193
George, 1957: 80
Cloudsley-Thompson, 1958b: 96
Ressl and Beier, 1958: 2
Cîrdei and Guţu, 1959: 1–2
Cerruti, 1959: 51 (as Cheiridium muscorum [sic])
George, 1961: 38
Meinertz, 1962: 61–62, figs 5d, 36 (as Cheiridium muscorum [sic])
Beier, 1963b: 244, fig. 248
Beier, 1963h: 156
Beier, 1964k: 67
Meinertz, 1964: 392, map 3 (as Cheiridium muscorum [sic])
Weygoldt, 1964a: 362–366, figs 6–11
Ressl, 1965: 289
Weygoldt, 1965a: n/a, fig. 47
Weygoldt, 1965c: 436
Beier, 1966k: 464
Helversen, 1966a: 138
Weygoldt, 1966b: n/a, fig. 9
Weygoldt, 1966d: 14, 16, 22, 57, fig. 9
Rafalski, 1967: 14
Cloudsley-Thompson, 1968: 126, 127, 139
Kaestner, 1968: 213, 215
Hammen, 1969b: 19
Weygoldt, 1969a: 23, 26, 41, 42, 74, 108, 110, figs 23, 38, 51, 89–90, 100
Legg, 1970b: n/a, fig. 3(3)
Ressl, 1970: 250–251
Helversen and Martens, 1971: 378
Legg, 1971a: 476
Schaller, 1971: 425
Verner, 1971: n/a, figs 43–45, 47
Howes, 1972a: 108
Legg, 1972b: 5
Lagar, 1972a: 21
Muchmore, 1972d: 109
Legg, 1973b: 430, fig. 2j
Ćurčić, 1974a: 25
Legg, 1974a: 324–338, figs 1–10
Jones, 1975a: 88
Klausen, 1975: 64
Legg, 1975a: 66
Legg, 1975d: n/a, fig. 2
Frøiland, 1976: 12
Crocker, 1978: 8
Jones, 1978: 94
Judson, 1979a: 63
Schaller, 1979: n/a, plate 10.III fig. 7 (as Cheridium [sic] museorum)
Thaler, 1979: 52
Gardini, 1980c: 116–117, 122, 129
Jones, 1980c: n/a, map 13
Mendel, 1981: 229
Cloudsley-Thompson, 1984: 190
Jędryczkowski, 1985: 79
Jones, 1985: 69
Lippold, 1985: 40
Schawaller, 1985a: 10
Andersson, Coulianos, Ehnström, Hammarstedt, Imby, Janzon and Waldén, 1987: 68 (as Cheridium [sic] museorum)
Judson, 1987: 369
Kovoor, 1987: 166 (as Cheridium [sic] museorum)
El-Hennawy, 1988b: 10
Krumpál and Cyprich, 1988: 42
Legg and Jones, 1988: 91–92, figs 5b, 20a, 20b(a–f)
Schaefer, 1988: 99
Chater, 1989: 8
Drogla, 1990: 101
Muchmore, 1990a: 517
Bhattacharyya, 1990a: 245, fig. 1
Harvey, 1991a: 439–440
Harvey, 1991b: 103
Dashdamirov and Schawaller, 1992b: 54
Gärdenfors and Wilander, 1992: 29, fig. 4a
Harvey, 1992c: n/a, figs 146–151
Harvey, 1992: 150
International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature, 1992b: 292
Hogue, 1993: 501 (as Cheiridium muesorum [sic])
Ducháč, 1994: 143
Fowles, 1994: 17
Alberti, 1995: n/a, fig. 2
Cooney and Snider, 1995: 241–242
Gardini, 1995a: 6
Jędryczkowski, 1995: 511
Platen, Blick, Bliss, Drogla, Malten, Martens, Sacher and Wunderlich, 1995: 54
Judson, 1997a: 28–29
Legg and O'Connor, 1997: 113, fig. 5
Legg, 1998: 2
Ducháč, 1999a: 14 (as Cheridium [sic] museorum)
Alberti, 2000: 312, figs 9a, 19b
Gardini, 2000: 107
Henderickx, 1999b: 67
Petrov, 2000: 63, fig. 1
Šťáhlavský, 2001: 87–88, fig. 8
Weygoldt, 2002f: 484
Delfosse, 2003b: 38, unnumbered figure on page 38
Ćurčić, Dimitrijević and Legakis, 2004: 260–261
Drogla, 2004: 6
Drogla and Lippold, 2004: 27
Mahnert, 2004: 464
Ozimec, 2004: 388
Dashdamirov, 2005: 245–247, figs 101–112
Stol, 2005: 12, 32, fig. 14, map 10
Tooren, 2005b: 95
Šťáhlavský, 2006b: 163
Kárpáthegyi, 2007a: 86
Kárpáthegyi, 2007b: 95
Šťáhlavský and Krásný, 2007: 432
Zaragoza, 2007a: 46–47
Holmen and Scharff, 2008: 68
Christophoryová, 2010: 5
Turienzo, Iorio and Mahnert, 2010: 559, 562–563, 564–565, 566, 568, 569, 570, 571, 573, 575, 576, 577, 581, 583, 585, 586, 587
Christophoryová, Krumpálova, Krištofík and Országhová, 2011: 671–676
Christophoryová, Štáhlavský and Fedor, 2011: 37, fig. 5E
Mahnert, 2011d: 31
Šťáhlavský, 2011: 248
Christophoryová, Štáhlavský, Krumpál and Fedor, 2012: 11
Šťáhlavský and Chytil, 2013: 75
Binding, 2014: 15
Nassirkhani, 2015a: 249–251, figs 10–16
Novák, 2015a: 156
Cawley, 2016: 118
Christophoryová, Grula and Krajčovičová, 2017: 70
Novák, 2018: 102
Legg, 2019: 191
Muster, Spelda, Rulik, Thormann, von der Mark and Astrin, 2021: fig. 4, 13819

Obisium museorum (Leach):

Bernard, 1893b: 428
Bernard, 1894a: 410

Not Cheiridium museorum (Leach):

Beier, 1955a: 12 (misidentification; see Cheiridium congicum Beier)


Synonyms
Chelifer nepoides Hermann, 1804 -- synonymised by Tömösváry, 1883: 210
LSID urn:lsid:wac.nmbe.ch:name:300e6e9e-e6d5-4628-afb3-6910c55c938e
Chelifer nepoides
Hermann, 1804: 116, plate 5 fig. q original description
Latreille, 1818b: 12, plate 348
Théis, 1832: 75–77, plate 3 figs 3a–b
Lucas, 1840: 452
Gervais, 1844: 79
Lucas, 1849: 276
Hagen, 1870: 266
International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature, 1992b: 292 (suppressed for the purposes of the Principle of Priority but not for those of the Principle of Homonymy) (synonymised with Cheiridium museorum by Tömösváry, 1882b: 210)
Distribution
Distribution table
Algeria
Austria
Belgium
Bulgaria
Congo - Kinshasa (Zaire)
Croatia
Czechia
Denmark
Finland
France (mainland)
Germany
Greece (mainland)
Hungary
India
Iran
Ireland
Italy (mainland)
Kyrgyzstan
Latvia
Montenegro
Mozambique
Netherlands
Norway
Pakistan
Poland
Romania
Russia (Belgorodskaya Oblast’)
Slovakia
South Africa
Spain (mainland)
Sweden
Switzerland
Turkey
UK
US (Massachusetts, Michigan)
Type locality: not stated, presumably England, United Kingdom (possibly Kingsbridge, Devon, England, United Kingdom - see ^Judson, 1997a: 29).

Coordinates

Locality Lat Lon
1 England (IMPRECISE) 52 0
Type repository
  • Holotype adult (BMNH); PT: 2 nymphs (BMNH)
Zoobank LSID

urn:lsid:zoobank.org:act:011A3710-FA88-4B0E-B866-3680FA3A74F8

References

Alberti, G. (1995). Comparative spermatology of Chelicerata: review and perspective. Mémoires du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris 166: 203–230. -- Show included taxa

Alberti, G. (2000). Chelicerata. In: Jamieson, B.G.M. (ed.) Progress in male gamete ultrastructure and phylogeny Oxford and IBH, New Delhi and Calcutta 9 (B): 311–388. -- Show included taxa

Andersson, H., Coulianos, C.-C., Ehnström, B., Hammarstedt, O., Imby, L., Janzon, L.-Å., Lindelöw, Å. & Waldén, H.W. (1987). Hotade evertebrater i Sverige. Entomologisk Tidskrift 108: 65–75. -- Show included taxa

Becker, L. (1884). Catalogue des Arachnides de Belgique, cinquième partie. Chernètes. Comptes Rendus des Séances de la Société Entomologique de Belgique (3) no. 49 3: cclxiii–cclxiv. -- Show included taxa

Becker, L. (1896). Les Arachnides de Belgique. Annales de la Musée Royal d'Histoire Naturelle de Belgique 12: 1–378. -- Show included taxa

Beier, M. (1929a). Die Pseudoskorpione des Wiener Naturhistorischen Museums. II. Panctenodactyli. Annalen des Naturhistorischen Museums in Wien 43: 341–367. -- Show included taxa

Beier, M. (1932e). Pseudoscorpionidea II. Subord. C. Cheliferinea. Tierreich 58: i–xxi, 1–294. -- Show included taxa

Beier, M. (1939e). Die Pseudoscorpione des oberösterreichischen Landesmuseums in Linz. Jahrbuch des Vereines für Landeskunde und Heimatpflege im Gau Oberdonau, Linz 88: 303–312. -- Show included taxa

Beier, M. (1939f). Die Pseudoscorpioniden-Fauna der iberischen Halbinsel. Zoologische Jahrbücher, Abteilung für Systematik, Ökologie und Geographie der Tiere 72: 157–202. -- Show included taxa

Beier, M. (1947b). Zur Kenntnis der Pseudoscorpionidenfauna des südlichen Afrika, insbesondere der südwest- und südafrikanischen Trockengebiete. Eos, Madrid 23: 285–339. -- Show included taxa

Beier, M. (1948b). Phoresie und Phagophilie bei Pseudoscorpionen. Österreichische Zoologische Zeitschrift 1: 441–497. -- Show included taxa

Beier, M. (1952e). Ordn.: Pseudoscorpionidea, Afterskorpione. In: Strouhal, H. (ed.) Catalogus faunae Austriae Springer-Verlag, Wien 9a: 2–6. -- Show included taxa

Beier, M. (1955a). Pseudoscorpionidea. In: Exploration du Parc National de l'Upemba. I. Mission G.F. de Witte Institut des Parcs Nationaux du Congo Belge, Bruxelles 32: 3–19. -- Show included taxa

Beier, M. (1956h). Bemerkenswerte Pseudoscorpioniden-Funde aus Niederösterreich. Entomologisches Nachrichtenblatt, Wien 8: 24–25. -- Show included taxa

Beier, M. (1963b). Ordnung Pseudoscorpionidea (Afterskorpione). In: Bestimmungsbücher zur Bodenfauna Europas Akademie-Verlag, Berlin 1: vi, 313 pp.. -- Show included taxa

Beier, M. (1963h). Pseudoscorpione aus dem Museum "Enrico Caffi" in Bergamo. Rendiconti dell'Instituto Lombardo di Scienze e Lettere 97B: 147–156. -- Show included taxa

Beier, M. (1964k). Weiteres zur Kenntnis der Pseudoscorpioniden-Fauna des südlichen Afrika. Annals of the Natal Museum 16: 30–90. -- Show included taxa

Beier, M. (1966k). Ergänzungen zur Pseudoscorpioniden-Fauna des südlichen Afrika. Annals of the Natal Museum 18: 455–470. -- Show included taxa

Beier, M. & Franz, H. (1954). 16. Ordnung: Pseudoscorpionidea. In: Franz, H. (ed.) Die Nordost-Alpen im Spiegel ihrer Landtierwelt Universitätsverlag Wagner, Innsbruck 1: 453–459. -- Show included taxa

Berland, L. (1929). Arachnides et Crustacès. In: Perrier, R. (ed.) Faune de la France en tableaux synoptiques Librairie Delagrave, Paris 2: 1–220. -- Show included taxa

Bernard, H.M. (1893b). Notes on some of the digestive processes in arachnids. Journal of the Royal Microscopical Society 4: 427–443. -- Show included taxa

Bernard, H.M. (1894a). Notes on the Chernetidae, with special reference to the vestigial stigmata and to a new form of trachea. Journal of the Linnean Society of London, Zoology 24: 410–430. -- Show included taxa

Bhattacharyya, S. (1990a). A survey of pseudoscorpions in the nests of Passer domesticus (Linnaeus) in West Bengal. Environment and Ecology 8: 245–247. -- Show included taxa

Bignotti, G. (1909). Elenco dei Pseudoscorpioni trovati in Italia e loro distribuzione geografica. Atti della Società dei Naturaliste e Matematici, Modena (4) 11: 56–76. -- Show included taxa

Binding, A. (2014). Pseudoscorpions in Lancashire 2009 - 2012. Newsletter of the British Arachnological Society 129: 15. -- Show included taxa

Bristowe, W.S. (1922). Spiders found in the neighbourhood of Oxshott. Proceedings of the South London Entomological and Natural History Society 1922: 1–11. -- Show included taxa

Bristowe, W.S. (1929a). The spiders of Cambridgeshire (including harvest spiders and pseudoscorpions). In: Fauna List No. 2 Cambridge, Cambridge Natural History Society: 1–25. -- Show included taxa

Butterfield, W.R. (1908). A preliminary list of the false-scorpions (Chernetidea) of the Hastings district. Hastings and East Sussex Naturalist 1: 111–114. -- Show included taxa

Canestrini, J. (1884). Chernetides Italici. In: Berlese, A. (ed.) Acari, Myriapoda et Scorpiones hucusque in Italia reperta A. Berlese, Padova fascicolo X. -- Show included taxa

Cerruti, M. (1959). Aggiunta al i elenco della fauna cavernicola del Lazio e delle regioni limitrofe (Toscana esclusa). Fragmenta Entomologica 3: 49–63. -- Show included taxa

Chamberlin, J.C. (1924a). The Cheiridiinae of North America (Arachnida - Pseudoscorpionida). Pan-Pacific Entomologist 1: 32–40. -- Show included taxa

Chamberlin, J.C. (1931a). The arachnid order Chelonethida. Stanford University Publications, Biological Sciences 7(1): 1–284. -- Show included taxa

Chamberlin, J.C. (1932b). On some false scorpions of the superfamily Cheiridioidea (Arachnida - Chelonethida). Pan-Pacific Entomologist 8: 137–144. -- Show included taxa

Chamberlin, J.C. (1938a). New and little-known false-scorpions from the Pacific and elsewhere (Arachnida - Chelonethida). Annals and Magazine of Natural History (11) 2: 259–285. -- Show included taxa

Chater, A.O. (1989). False-scorpions in Ceredigion, VC 46. Dyfed Invertebrate Group Newsletter 14: 5–10. -- Show included taxa

Christophoryová, J. (2010). Sturiky (Pseudoscorpiones) Pod korou stromov, v dutinach a hniezdach na Slovensku. Folia Faunistica Slovaca 15: 1–12. -- Show included taxa

Christophoryová, J., Grula, D. & Krajčovičová, K. (2017). New records of pseudoscorpions (Arachnida: Pseudoscorpiones) associated with animals and human habitats in Slovakia and the Czech Republic. Arachnologische Mitteilungen 53: 67–76. -- Show included taxa

Christophoryová, J., Krumpálova, Z., Krištofík, J. & Országhová, Z. (2011). Association of pseudoscorpions with different types of bird nests. Biologia, Bratislava 66: 669–677. -- Show included taxa

Christophoryová, J., Štáhlavský, F. & Fedor, P. (2011). An updated identification key to the pseudoscorpions (Arachnida: Pseudoscorpiones) of the Czech Republic and Slovakia. Zootaxa 2876: 35–48. -- Show included taxa

Christophoryová, J., Štáhlavský, F., Krumpál, M. & Fedor, P. (2012). Pseudoscorpions of the Czech Republic and Slovakia: an annotated and revised checklist (Arachnida: Pseudoscorpiones). North-Western Journal of Zoology 8(1): 1–21. -- Show included taxa

Cîrdei, F. & Guţu, E. (1959). Contribuţii la cunoaşterea faunei pseudoscorpionidelor din Moldova şi Maramureş. Studii şi Cercetari de Biologie, Academia Republicii Populare Romane Filiala (Cluj) 10(1): 1–11. -- Show included taxa

Cloudsley-Thompson, J.L. (1956b). Notes on Arachnida, 28. - Biological observations and records. Entomologist's Monthly Magazine 92: 193. -- Show included taxa

Cloudsley-Thompson, J.L. (1958b). The behaviour of false-scorpions. Naturalist, London 866: 96. -- Show included taxa

Cloudsley-Thompson, J.L. (1968). Spiders, scorpions, centipedes and mites. Pergamon Press, Oxford. [revised edition] -- Show included taxa

Cloudsley-Thompson, J.L. (1984). Arachnids. In: Cloudsley-Thompson, J.L. (ed.) Key environments. Sahara Desert Pergamon Press, Oxford: 175–204. -- Show included taxa

Cooney, P. & Snider, R.J. (1995). New pseudoscorpion (Cheiridiidae) record from Michigan. Entomological News 106: 241–242. -- Show included taxa

Cooreman, J. (1946b). Note sur les pseudoscorpions de la faune Belge. Bulletin du Musée Royal d'Histoire Naturelle de Belgique 22(2): 1–8. -- Show included taxa

Crocker, J. (1978). Introduction to false scorpions. British Arachnological Society, Secretary's News Letter 21: 4–9. -- Show included taxa

Ćurčić, B.P.M. (1974a). Arachnoidea. Pseudoscorpiones. In: Catalogus faunae Jugoslaviae Academie Slovène, Ljubljana 3(4): 1–35. -- Show included taxa

Ćurčić, B.P.M., Dimitrijević, R.N. & Legakis, A. (2004). The pseudoscorpions of Serbia, Montenegro, and the Republic of Macedonia. Institute of Zoology, Faculty of Biology, University of Belgrade, Belgrade, Athens. -- Show included taxa

Daday, E. (1880a). A magyarországi álskorpiók. Értesítö az Erdélyi Múzeum-egyesület Orvos-Természet-Tudományi Szakosztályából 5: 191–193. -- Show included taxa

Daday, E. (1889a). A Magyar Nemzeti Muzeum álskorpióinak áttekintése. Természetrajzi Füzetek 11: 111–136, 165–192. -- Show included taxa

Daday, E. (1918). Ordo Pseudoscorpiones. In: A Magyar Birodalom Allatvilága Regia Societas Scientiarum Naturalium Hungarica, Budapest: 1–2. -- Show included taxa

Dale, C.W. (1878). History of Glanville's Wootton. Hatchards, London. -- Show included taxa

Dashdamirov, S. (2005). Pseudoscorpions from the mountains of northern Pakistan (Arachnida: Pseudoscorpiones). Arthropoda Selecta 13: 225–261. -- Show included taxa

Dashdamirov, S. & Schawaller, W. (1992b). [Pseudoscorpions of the Caucasian fauna (Arachnida Pseudoscorpionida)]. Arthropoda Selecta 1(4): 31–72. -- Show included taxa

Delfosse, E. (2003b). Catalogue préliminaire des Pseudoscorpions de France métropolitaine (Arachnida Pseudoscorpiones). Bulletin de Phyllie 17: 24–48. -- Show included taxa

Drogla, R. (1990). Die Pseudoskorpione des Museum der Natur Gotha (Arachnida, Pseudoscorpiones). Abhandlungen und Berichte, Museums der Natur Gotha 16: 97–102. -- Show included taxa

Drogla, R. (2004). Kommentierte Checkliste der Pseudoskorpione Thüringens (Arachnida, Pseudoscorpiones). In: Hartmann, M. and Bellstedt, R. (ed.) Check-listen Thüringer Insekten und Spinnentiere Thüringer Entomologenvernad e.V., Jena: 5–8. -- Show included taxa

Drogla, R. & Lippold, K. (2004). Zur Kenntnis der pseudoskorpion-fauna von Ostdeutschland (Arachnida, Pseudoscorpiones). Arachnologische Mitteilungen 27–28: 1–54. -- Show included taxa

Ducháč, V. (1994). Faunisticko-bionomické poznámky k některým druhům štírků České Republiky a Slovenské Republiky. Fauna Bohemiae Septentrionalis 19: 139–153. -- Show included taxa

Ducháč, V. (1999a). The contemporary research of the pseudoscorpion fauna in the Czech Republic. American Arachnology 59: 14. -- Show included taxa

El-Hennawy, H.K. (1988b). Pseudoscorpions of Egypt, key and list of species (Arachnida: Pseudoscorpionida). Serket 1(3): 9–18. -- Show included taxa

Ellingsen, E. (1907a). Notes on pseudoscorpions, British and foreign. Journal of the Quekett Microscopical Club (2) 10: 155–172. -- Show included taxa

Ellingsen, E. (1911c). Pseudoscorpionina. In: Le Roi, O. , Zur Fauna des Vereinsgebietes. Sitzungsberichte herausgegeben vom Naturhistorischen Verein Preussischen Rheinlände und Westfalens 1911: 173–174. -- Show included taxa

Ellingsen, E. (1912b). The pseudoscorpions of South Africa, based on the collections of the South African Museum, Cape Town. Annals of the South African Museum 10: 75–128. -- Show included taxa

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Falconer, W. (1916). The harvestmen and pseudoscorpions of Yorkshire. Naturalist, London 41: 103–106, 135–140, 155–158, 191–193. -- Show included taxa

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Franganillo Balboa, P. (1936). Los Arácnidos de Cuba hasta 1936. Cultural S.A., La Habana. -- Show included taxa

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Godfrey, R. (1909). The false scorpions of Scotland (continued). Annals of Scottish Natural History 18: 22–26, 153–163. -- Show included taxa

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Hansen, H.J. (1885a). Arthrogastra Danica: en monographisk fremstilling af de i Danmark levende Meiere og Mosskorpioner med bidrag til sidstnaevnte underordens systematik. In: Naturhistorisk Tidsskrift Thieles Bogtrykkeri, Kjøbenhavn (3) 14: 491–554. -- Show included taxa

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Harvey, M.S. (1991b). Chelifer museorum Leach, 1817 (currently Cheiridium museorum; Arachnida, Pseudoscorpionida): proposed conservation of the specific name. Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature 48: 103–104. -- Show included taxa

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Holmen, M. & Scharff, N. (2008). Anthrenochernes stellae Lohmander, 1939 - status in Denmark for a new species on the EC Habitats Directive (Arachnida, Pseudoscorpiones). Entomologiske Meddelelser- Entomologisk Forening Kobenhavn 76: 55–68. -- Show included taxa

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Jackson, A.R. (1907). On some rare arachnids captured during 1906. Proceedings of the Chester Society of Natural Science 6: 1–7. -- Show included taxa

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Jędryczkowski, W.B. (1995). Bezkręgowce lądowe (Isopoda, Diplopoda, Pseudoscorpiones, Opiliones) Pojezierza Mazurskiego. Fragmenta Faunistica Musei Zoologici Polonici 37: 505–520. -- Show included taxa

Jones, P.E. (1975a). The occurrence of pseudoscorpions in the nests of British birds. Proceedings and Transactions of the British Entomological and Natural History Society 8: 87–89. -- Show included taxa

Jones, P.E. (1978). Phoresy and commensalism in British pseudoscorpions. Proceedings and Transactions of the British Entomological and Natural History Society 1978: 90–96. -- Show included taxa

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Jones, R.E. (1985). The false-scorpions of Norfolk. Transactions of the Norfolk and Norwich Naturalists' Society 27: 67–71. -- Show included taxa

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Judson, M.L.I. (1987). Further records of pseudoscorpions (Arachnida) from Hertfordshire. Transactions of the Hertfordshire Natural History Society and Field Club 29: 368–370. -- Show included taxa

Judson, M.L.I. (1997a). Catalogue of the pseudoscorpion types (Arachnida: Chelonethi) in the Natural History Museum, London. Occasional Papers on Systematic Entomology 11: 1–54. -- Show included taxa

Kaestner, A. (1968). Arthropod relatives, Chelicerata, Myriapoda. In: Invertebrate zoology John Wiley & Sons, New York 2. -- Show included taxa

Kaisila, J. (1947). Turun Yliopistan kokoelmien valeskorpioniaineisto. Annales Entomologici Fennici 13: 86–88. -- Show included taxa

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Kew, H.W. (1901b). Lincolnshire pseudoscorpions: with an account of the association of such animals with other arthropods. Naturalist, London 26: 193–215. -- Show included taxa

Kew, H.W. (1903). North of England pseudoscorpions. Naturalist, London 28: 293–300. -- Show included taxa

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Kew, H.W. (1909b). Pseudoscorpiones (false-scorpions). In: Grinling, C. et al. (ed.) Survey and record of Woolwich and West Kent South Eastern Union of Scientific Societies, Woolwich: 258–259. -- Show included taxa

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Kew, H.W. (1914). On the nests of Pseudoscorpiones: with historical notes on the spinning-organs and observations on the building and spinning of the nests. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 84: 93–111. -- Show included taxa

Kew, H.W. (1916a). An historical account of the pseudoscorpion-fauna of the British islands. Journal of the Quekett Microscopical Club (2) 13: 117–136. -- Show included taxa

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Lucas, H. (1849). Histoire naturelle des animaux articulés. Crustacés, Arachnides, Myriapodes et Hexapodes. In: Exploration scientifique de l'Algérie pendant les années 1840, 1841, 1842. Sciences physiques. Zoologie Imprimerie Nationale, Paris 2(1). -- Show included taxa

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Meinertz, T. (1964). Beiträge zur Verbreitung der Pseudoskorpioniden in Dänemark. Videnskabelige Meddelelser fra Dansk Naturhistorisk Forening i Kjøbenhavn 126: 387–402. -- Show included taxa

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Pavesi, P. (1878). Aracnidi aggiunto un catalogo sistematico della specie di Grecia. Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Genova 11: 335–396. -- Show included taxa

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Pickard-Cambridge, O. (1889). On new and rare British spiders. Proceedings of the Dorset Natural History and Antiquarian Field Club and Archaeological Society 10: 107–138. -- Show included taxa

Pickard-Cambridge, O. (1892). On the British species of false-scorpions. Proceedings of the Dorset Natural History and Antiquarian Field Club and Archaeological Society 13: 199–231. -- Show included taxa

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Platen, R., Blick, T., Bliss, P., Drogla, R., Malten, A., Martens, J., Sacher, P. & Wunderlich, J. (1995). Verzeichnis der Spinnentiere (excl. Acarida) Deutschlands (Arachnida: Araneida, Opilionida, Pseudoscorpionida). Arachnologische Mitteilungen, Sonderband 1: 1–55. -- Show included taxa

Pocock, R.I. (1896c). Scorpions, spiders, ticks, etc, - Class Arachnida. In: Lydekker, R. (ed.) The royal natural history Frederick Warne & Co., London, New York 6: 213–247. -- Show included taxa

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Redikorzev, V. (1949). [Pseudoscorpionidea of Central Asia]. Travaux de l'Institute de Zoologique de l'Académie Sciences de l'U.R.S.S. 8: 638–668. -- Show included taxa

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Ressl, F. & Beier, M. (1958). Zur Ökologie, Biologie und Phänologie der heimischen Pseudoskorpione. Zoologische Jahrbücher, Abteilung für Systematik, Ökologie und Geographie der Tiere 86: 1–26. -- Show included taxa

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Savory, T.H. (1945). The spiders and allied orders of the British Isles comprising descriptions of every family of British spiders, every species of harvestmen and false scorpions also the more familiar of the British mites and sea-spiders. Frederick Warne & Co., London. [2nd edition] -- Show included taxa

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Schaller, F. (1979). Significance of sperm transfer and formation of spermatophores in arthropod phylogeny. In: Gupta, A.P. (ed.) Arthropod phylogeny Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York: 587–608. -- Show included taxa

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Simon, E. (1878a). Liste des espèces de la famille des Cheliferidae qui habitant l'Algérie et le Maroc. Annales de la Société Entomologique de France (5) 8: 144–153. -- Show included taxa

Simon, E. (1879a). Les Ordres des Chernetes, Scorpiones et Opiliones. In: Les Arachnides de France Librairie Encyclopédique de Roret, Paris 7: 1–332. -- Show included taxa

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Šťáhlavský, F. (2006b). Štírci (Pseudoscorpiones, Arachnida) CHKO Kokořínsko. Bohemia Centralia, Praha 27: 161–165. -- Show included taxa

Šťáhlavský, F. (2011). Štírci (Arachnida: Pseudoscorpiones) CHKO Třeboňsko a okolí. Klapalekiana 47: 247–258. -- Show included taxa

Šťáhlavský, F. & Chytil, J. (2013). Štírci (Arachnida: Pseudoscorpiones) Biosférické rezervace Dolní Morava a okolí (Česká republika). Klapalekiana 49: 73–88. -- Show included taxa

Šťáhlavský, F. & Krásný, L. (2007). Štírci (Arachnida: Pseudoscorpiones) Dolního Povltaví a Podřipska. Bohemia Centralia, Praha 28: 427–436. -- Show included taxa

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Théis, C. de (1832). Lettre adressée à M. Audouin, sur quelques Arachnides des genres Hydrachna et Chelifer. Annales des Sciences Naturelles 27: 57–78. -- Show included taxa

Tömösváry, Ö. (1883). Pseudoscorpiones faunae Hungaricae. A Magyar fauna álskorpiói. Magyar Tudományos Akadémia Matematikai és Természettudományi Közlemények 18: 135–256. -- Show included taxa

Tooren, D. van den (2005b). Naamlijst en determinatiesleutel tot de Pseudoschorpioenen van Nederland (Arachnida: Pseudoscorpiones). Nederlandse Faunistische Mededelingen 23: 91–102. -- Show included taxa

Tullgren, A. (1899a). Bidrag till Kännedomen om Sveriges Pseudoscorpioner. Entomologisk Tidskrift 20: 161–182. -- Show included taxa

Tullgren, A. (1906a). Svensk spindelfauna. Första Ordningen. Klokrypare Chelonethi. Entomologisk Tidskrift 27: 195–205. -- Show included taxa

Tumšs, V. (1934). Beitrag zur Kenntnis der Pseudoscorpionen-Fauna Lettlands. Folia Zoologica et Hydrobiologica 7: 12–19. -- Show included taxa

Turienzo, P., Iorio, O. di & Mahnert, V. (2010). Global checklist of pseudoscorpions (Arachnida) found in birds’ nests. Revue Suisse de Zoologie 117: 557–598. -- Show included taxa

Väänänen, H. (1928a). Suomen valeskorppioonilajit. Luonnon Ystävä 32: 9–19. -- Show included taxa

Vachon, M. (1935a). Une particularité dans le développement d'un pseudoscorpion: Cheiridium museorum Leach. Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France 60: 330–333. -- Show included taxa

Vachon, M. (1935j). Sur les Pseudoscorpions qui habitent les maisons et leurs dépendances. Bulletin Scientifique de Bourgogne 5: 187–188. -- Show included taxa

Vachon, M. (1936b). Description d'une nouvelle espèce de Pseudoscorpions Epaphochernes bouvieri suivie de quelques remarques sur les genres Dendrochernes Beier et Epaphochernes Beier. Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France 61: 140–145. -- Show included taxa

Vachon, M. (1937f). Le contenu du sac ovigère chez les Pseudoscorpions. Bulletin Scientifique de Bourgogne 6: 128–129. -- Show included taxa

Vachon, M. (1940a). Sur la présence du Mozambique de Cheiridium museorum Leach (Pseudoscorpions) dans les galeries de Colèoptères Bostrichides. Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris (2) 12: 53–54. -- Show included taxa

Vachon, M. (1949). Ordre des Pseudoscorpions. In: Grassé, P.-P. (ed.) Traité de zoologie Masson, Paris 6: 437–481. -- Show included taxa

Verner, P.H. (1971). Štírci - Pseudoscorpionidea. In: Daniel, M. and Černý, V. (ed.) Klič Zviřeny ČSSR Českoslovenká Akademie Věd, Praha 4: 19–31. -- Show included taxa

Warburton, C. (1909). Arachnida Embolobranchiata (scorpions, spiders, mites, etc.). In: Harmer, S.F. and Shipley, A.E. (ed.) The Cambridge natural history MacMillan and Co., London 4: 297–474. -- Show included taxa

Weidner, H. (1954b). Die Pseudoskorpione, Weberknechte und Milben der Umgebung von Hamburg mit besonderer Berücksichtigung der für den Menschen wichtigen Arten. Entomologische Mitteilungen aus dem Zoologischen Staatsinstitut und Zoologischen Museum in Hamburg 1: 103–156. -- Show included taxa

Weygoldt, P. (1964a). Vergleichend-embryologische Untersuchungen an Pseudoscorpionen II. Das zweite Embryonalstadium von Lasiochernes pilosus Ellingsen und Cheiridium museorum Leach. Zoologische Beiträge 10: 353–368. -- Show included taxa

Weygoldt, P. (1965a). Vergleichend-embryologische Untersuchungen an Pseudoscorpionen. III. Die Entwicklung von Neobisium muscorum Leach (Neobisiinae, Neobisiidae). Mit dem Versuch einer Deutung der Evolution des embryonalen Pumporgans. Zeitschrift für Morphologie und Ökologie der Tiere 55: 321–383. -- Show included taxa

Weygoldt, P. (1965c). Das Fortpflanzungsverhalten der Pseudoskorpione. Naturwissenschaften 52: 436. -- Show included taxa

Weygoldt, P. (1966b). Die Ausbildung transitorischer Pharynxapparate bei Embryonen. Zoologischer Anzeiger 176: 147–160. -- Show included taxa

Weygoldt, P. (1966d). Moos- und Bücherskorpione. A. Ziemsen Verlag, Wittenberg Lutherstadt. -- Show included taxa

Weygoldt, P. (1969a). The biology of pseudoscorpions. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts. -- Show included taxa

Weygoldt, P. (2002f). Chelicerata, Spinnentiere. In: Westheide, W. and Rieger, R. (ed.) Spezielle Zoologie Spektrum Akademischer Verlag, Heidelberg, Berlin 1: Einzeller und Wirbellose Tiere: 449–497. -- Show included taxa

Whyte, G.A. & Whyte, R.B. (1907). The false-scorpions of Cumberland. Naturalist, London 1907: 203–204. -- Show included taxa

Zaragoza, J.A. (2007a). Catálogo de los Pseudoescorpiones de la Península Ibérica e Islas Baleares (Arachnida: Pseudoscorpiones). Revista Ibérica de Aracnología 13: 3–91. -- Show included taxa

Cawley, M. (2016). An indexed bibliographical checklist of the false-scorpions (Arachnida: Pseudoscorpiones) of Ireland (1836-2014). Bulletin of the Irish Biogeographical Society 40: 116–124. -- Show included taxa

Novák, J. (2018). New data on the pseudoscorpion fauna of Hungary (Arachnida: Pseudoscorpiones). Acta Societatis Zoologicae Bohemicae 82: 97–107. -- Show included taxa

Legg, G. (2019). Changes in the British pseudoscorpion fauna over the last 50 years. Arachnology 18: 189–195. -- Show included taxa

Muster, C., Spelda, J., Rulik, B., Thormann, J., von der Mark, L> & Astrin, J.J. (2021). The dark side of pseudoscorpion diversity: The German Barcode of Life campaign reveals high levels of undocumented diversity in European false scorpions. Ecology and Evolution 11(20): 13815–13829. -- Show included taxa

Logs
Date Type Reference Old value
2022-09-25 New taxonomic reference entry Muster, Spelda, Rulik, Thormann, von der Mark and Astrin, 2021
2022-07-02 New taxonomic reference entry Christophoryová, Grula and Krajčovičová, 2017
2022-07-02 New taxonomic reference entry Legg, 2019
2022-05-08 New taxonomic reference entry Novák, 2018
2022-04-06 Taxonomic reference update Cawley, 2016
2022-04-06 New taxonomic reference entry Cawley, 2016